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Detailed description of the type of onion stutgarter rizen


A large number of onion varieties are known, and each of them requires special care. The variety of onions Stuttgarter known unpretentious, able to give excellent yields. Because of this, he enjoys a good popularity among gardeners. Description, characteristics and agrotechnology of this variety are given below.

Description and characteristics of the variety of onions Stuttgarter

This variety is bred by German breeding specialists. It can be attributed to mid-season species.therefore, the variety is popular not only among professional gardeners, but also amateurs. The variety is universal, in the markets of the country has huge demand.

The bulb of a grade Stutgarer has the flat form

The characteristic difference of a vegetable is the bulbs of large sizes, having rounded flatish forms. The weight of one can reach up to a quarter of a kilogram, but on average, the weight reaches from one hundred to one and a half hundred grams.. The color shades of ripe onions range from tan to white, it tastes semi-sharp.

The yield of the variety allows to collect from five to eight kilograms of neat bulbs from each square meter of the bed.

The vegetable has a lot of vitamin C. This feature makes it an excellent tool in the fight against colds. In addition, the bulbs contain a lot of dry substances that allow it to dry or freeze.

Onion storage does not waste its useful qualities.

Variety Stuttgart Riesen is successfully used for the preparation of first courses, canned food and distillation. Stored well, the growth period is three months.

Bulb stuttgarer in the cut has a white color

Stuttgarter is resistant to many diseases and harmful parasites.

When to plant: spring or autumn?

Cultivation of this variety is possible by sevka or seeds. The second option is characterized by the fact that the planting material reacts sharply to temperature drops and is able to lag behind in development.

Onion seeds Stuttgarter

Landing perform in the fall and spring. When autumn sowing should be used small sevka, because during storage, they dry out strongly. Autumn planting should be mulched using humus or peat. Vegetable does not impose special requirements to the composition of the soil, but prefers fertilized beds, the acidity level in which is neutral. In these places, the yield will be especially good. From seeds you can get a crop in a hundred and twenty days. Sevok will give you the opportunity to start cleaning two and a half months after planting.

The best predecessors are considered cucumbers and tomatoes, bean varieties. Onions should not be planted after potatoes. He will grow up tired and exhausted, in a harsh winter may simply freeze.

Features of growing

Gardeners, to get a good harvest, use an effective fertilizer composition Biogrow. This fertilizer is used for various plants, does not contain harmful chemicals, can increase the yield by fifty percent. It should be introduced into the soil several times during the season.

Fertilizer Biogrow

Growing from seed

This method can be used in autumn or in early spring. Furrows are arranged in advance in the prepared area across which there is a distance of about fifteen centimeters. The sowing depth is two centimeters, the interval is up to one and a half. After sowing, the soil must be slightly compacted.

For the convenience of distinguishing crops, the seeds are mixed with a small amount of chalk.

Watering the beds with crops does not immediately follow, so that the soil does not form a crust, which it will be difficult for young sprouts to break through. As soon as shoots appear, planting must be thinned..

Seed onions

The method is good because it does not require significant cash costs. And the seeds that you grow yourself, give confidence that they do not contain diseases and pests.

Planting sevka

Seasoned gardeners assure that planting onions sevke under the winter is not the best option, since in such cases the probability is high that the bow will go to the arrow. But if a decision is made to plant this way, then the smallest onion is used as a material for planting in order to minimize such risks.

Planting sevka better to produce in early spring

The soil for such planting should be cool. It is believed that onions are planted with Sevka two weeks after garlic. Before planting material must be prepared:

  • bulbs eight hours warm up;
  • then they should dunk in warm water, adding a little potassium permanganate.

This method of landing has its positive differences:

  • in the spring sprouts make their way on the surface of the soil quickly;
  • onion is developing actively, perfectly gaining not only the green mass, but also its underground part;
  • onions planted in winter does not give shooter;
  • harvest ripening happens faster.
Sevok best will take root in the "native" climate.

Landing on the feather

In this case, it is recommended to use a turnip or rejected sets. Landing is tight. Ground bulbs do not hide behind. The bed is watered, covered with plastic wrap. To accelerate growth, you can feed the bed with a solution of urea. Watering is carried out frequently.

Onion care after planting

Onion variety Stuttgart unpretentious, does not require special care. But you need to know what circumstances will improve its growth and increase yields.

Soil composition should be neutral in acidity. The bow, though it tolerates cold, feels better in warm or temperate climatic conditions.

Weeding is an important element to get a good harvest. Getting rid of weeds, you give the bulbs to get nutrients from the ground, create space for growth. Loosening the soil oxygen is supplied to the root system, which also has a beneficial effect on growth.

The need for weeding and loosening the soil is that in the process, more oxygen is supplied to the roots.

Watering is carried out as the soil dries., as fertilizers use complex compounds. To accelerate growth after a few weeks after landing it is allowed to use mullein or dissolved bird droppings.

A month later, the culture is fed urea (15 g), superphosphates (15 g) and potassium salt (40 g). Everything is diluted in water and added to the beds during watering.

Leaf paleness and weak growth reminiscent of a lack of nitrogen. The resulting blackness indicates that plants lack phosphorus.

Fresh manure should not be used as a top dressing component.

Disease and Prevention

This variety of onion tolerates disease, resists pests. He is not afraid of powdery mildew. The most likely cause of diseases of onions may be poor-quality planting material.. For this reason, the seeds should be purchased in special stores, and then treated with a solution of manganese before planting. It is recommended to sow a small amount of dill to scare off parasites on the onion beds.

Harvesting and storage rules

Before harvesting, watering is reduced, then completely stopped, so that the onions are able to mature. You can harvest when you turn yellow and wither foliage. It’s not necessary to keep the bulbs in the ground for a long time so that they do not start growing.

Storage of onions Stuttgarter in bundles

Harvested onions are dried, sorted, the root system and leaves are removed.

First of all, immature onions should be used. Sandboxes placed in the basement are used for storing the sevs.. If moisture appears, onions must be dried again.

Growing this onion variety of labor is not. Observing all the requirements, you can get excellent yields.