Bulgarian pepper - vegetable crop, which has great nutritional value. As part of its pulp contains a large number of nutrients, including vitamin C. The fruits themselves - bright, beautiful and juicy, perfectly combined with any products. And everything is good, but to get them, pepper must be properly maintained: water, feed and stepchild. However, there are many opinions about the last action today. Some gardeners say that pasynkovanie - vital action, allowing to improve the quality of the harvest, others - that it only destroys the plant. So where is the truth? As always, in the middle.
Should peacock pepper in a greenhouse and open field?
Proper formation of the bushes allows the pepper to direct all the forces and nutrients to set the ovaries and the development of large fruits.
It increases crop yield., helps a plant to receive more sunlight, and also plentifully and long to blossom.
But the stepchildren should be cut off correctly, taking into account the peculiarities of the pepper and its state.
Note! Bell peppers like to grow, touching the leaves or even stalks. If they are too close and thickened, pasynkovaniye necessarily, if remotely - you can do without him.
Why form the pepper:
Pros and cons of pasynkovaniya
To choose whether to form a pepper bush or not, each gardener can independently. To make it easier for you to do this, let's go over all the advantages and disadvantages of the procedure.
- increasing the quantity and quality of the crop;
- providing access to a lot of sunlight;
- increase in the size of grown fruits;
- improved bookmark ovaries;
- abundant and long flowering plants;
- the formation of sweet and fleshy fruits.
- slow growth of the bush (for some gardeners it is important);
- cessation of flowering and the death of a plant due to wrong staking.
As you can see, the benefits of the procedure are still greater. Yes, and the shortcomings will not be revealed if we approach the matter with special scrupulousness and caution, having previously learned all the rules of procedure.
In the rainy summer pasynkovanie pepper must be carried out necessarily.Benefits of staving: an increase in the number and size of fruits, abundant and long flowering
When and how to pinch the plant?
Pasying is best after reaching a height of 25-30 cm. Until that time, his seedlings only gaining strength and energy for fruiting.
Ideal for the formation of the bush is the time of the appearance of the first stepchildren. As a rule, plants by this period already have 9-11 leaves.
The procedure should be done a knife or scissors with a well-sharpened blade.
After treating each hive, it is important to thoroughly disinfect the instrument used to prevent the transmission of pests and diseases.
Their late elimination can lead to slower growth of the plant and even its death.Pasying is best done after pepper reaches a height of 25-30 cm
How to remove stepsons, scheme
It should immediately be said that it is possible to form any varieties and hybrids of peppers that grow in the greenhouse and open ground, except for stunted plants with a bouquet type of fruiting.
Besides, you should avoid cradling plants that do not need it (seed producers usually indicate this on the package).
All other healthy peppers processed as follows:
- carefully examined all the bushes of peppers and shoots available on them;
- 2-3 of the most powerful shoots are selected, which will later be the basis of a single "skeleton" of the plant;
- the top of the bush is removed so that it acquires a more compact form and is able to develop magnificent shoots along the sides;
- all lower shoots are removed (at the top there should be only 4-5 pieces);
- the remaining stepchildren are examined for the presence of shoots, if there are many of them, some are deleted;
- all dried and yellow leaves are eliminated, as well as fruitless shoots (this should be done 1 time in 4 days).
The shoots remaining on the bushes will quickly gain strength and develop superbly, after which they will be able to give up to 25 pieces of juicy, sweet and fleshy fruits from one plant.
But all this should be done with the utmost care so as not to destroy fragile plants.
Besides, Do not forget about care: they need to be watered and fed in timeand regularly loosen the ground near the bushes.
Without this, there will be no point in processing, you will just waste your time and energy.Plants need to be watered and fed in time, regularly loosen the ground near the bushes
The first "crown" flowers, which appeared on the bushes of pepper, must be removed.. One can do without carrying out this procedure only when growing a large fruit intended for collecting seeds.
But it should be understood that you practically will not receive a harvest from such a bush.
Growing pepper in your garden is easy, much harder to get a rich harvest of fleshy and sweet fruits.
To do this, it is important to properly care for the plant, combining all the available methods: watering, loosening and fertilizing.
If they are weak and helpless, it is better to abandon the procedure, if healthy and strong - hold it on a serene, but not too sunny day.