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25 best varieties and varieties of garlic


Garlic is an essential hot seasoning in cooking. It has a spicy taste and rich aroma, healthy properties. Growing garlic is a simple process. therefore, it is in every area. A description of the most popular varieties and varieties can be found in this review.

Varietal Garlic Variety

However, not everyone knows that the varieties of garlic more than 70 species! This means that you can choose according to your taste, focusing on the conditions of a particular plot with its soil, climatic features, location. And growing experience suggests that you should not limit the choice of one or two varieties. It is worth trying a few, and after leaving the ones you like.

More than 70 varieties of spring and winter garlic are known.
This variety makes sense, since some mature earlier and can be added to dishes as early as mid-summer, used for canning. And others ripen later, but they are better stored.

Most popular varieties

Since the variety variety is large, this article describes popular, popular varieties.


Spring garlic differs from winter by different planting periods (spring is planted in spring, and winter - in late autumn), yield - spring less productive, in contrast to winter.

To visually learn spring garlic, you need to pay attention to the following signs:

  • spring garlic without central rod, around which are cloves;
  • yourself helical teeth - the closer to the center, the smaller they are;
  • cloves may vary in size and shape;
  • spring garlicwithout arrows.

Popular varieties of spring garlic:


Victorio spring garlic

Mid-season, high-yielding view. Arrows are absent, resistant to pests and fungal diseases. The bulbs have a flat-rounded shape, the color of scales - yellow-white.


Spring garlic grade Elenovsky

Mid-season, fruitful, heads rounded. Outside, the color of the scales is whitish, and inside on the teeth themselves - pinkish. Demonstrates resistance to all diseases typical of plants.


Spring garlic grade Gulliver

It is considered medium late. The harvest gives a good, releases arrows. Bulb - round, slightly flat. The color of scales - light, white. Little prone to disease and pests.

Sochi 56

Spring garlic grade Sochi 56

Mid-season, gives a stable and high-quality harvest. Head shape slightly flat, rounded. The color of the scales may be white or purple, and on the teeth themselves - pink with a purple hue. Resistant to diseases.


Spring garlic grade Yershovsky

Refers to mid-season, bulbs are rounded, slightly flat. It does not give the shooter a great harvest. Resistant to diseases.

Winter crops

The following signs are characteristic of winter garlic, by which it can be visually recognized:

  • in the center of the head rod, around which are cloves;
  • teeth located aroundin one row;
  • teeth the same;
  • the harvest gives a higher;
  • at winter -grow arrows on which tiny onions are then formed.

The best-selling varieties of winter garlic are:


Winter garlic grade Lyubasha

It tolerates severe frosts and dry summer. It is considered quite high - stem up to 120 cm. Bulb - round, slightly flat. The color of the scales is light with streaks of violet tones, resistant to diseases. Perfectly stored. It has a bright spicy taste and is suitable for canning.


Winter garlic variety Dobrynya

A fruitful grade, but less frost-resistant, than Lyubasha. The heads are large, not too sharp, so it’s good to eat fresh. The ripening period is late. Dobrynya is well kept and little prone to disease.


Winter garlic grade Sofiyevsky

It tolerates severe frosts, but in summer it is demanding of heat and light. Not too high - about 70 cm. Large onion - 100 gr with large cloves. The color of scales - gently purple. Resistant to nematode, taste moderately spicy.


Winter garlic grade Alcor

High yield, well kept. The color of the bulb is pinkish, and the teeth themselves are closer to gray. It is damaged by yellow dwarfism.


Winter garlic variety Dubkovsky

High yield, with good storage performance. The stem is of medium height, the bulb is not large, rarely weighs more than 50 grams. It is stored perfectly, the taste is spicy.

In winter it is necessary to cut the arrows at the base, otherwise the head will be shallow. The arrows should not be broken, so as not to damage the bulb.


Garlic, releasing arrows, sharper taste, more fruitful than varieties without arrows, better stored. Among the shooters, the most noticeable are:

Gribovsky anniversary

Gunned garlic grade Gribovsky anniversary

Medium winter variety. The color of the scales is reddish-purple. Disease resistance is high, stored well.

Gribovsky 60

Arrowed garlic grade Gribovsky 60

Yielding early, resistant to freezing and drought. The bulb is medium in size, kept well. Not damaged by bacteria and viruses.


Arrowed garlic grade Skiff

Frost-resistant variety, resistant to diseases of this plant. Scale color - gray with streaks of purple, and the teeth themselves are a creamy tone.

Large-tooth Kiseleva

Arrowed garlic grade Skiff

Early, the head is more than average, about 80 grams, the taste is pleasant, spicy. Diseases not exposed, shelf life - long.


Garlic grade Herman

The bulb is round, conical, the color of the scales is whitish-lilac, and the denticles are cream. Stored up to 8 months resistant to fungal and bacterial infections.

Not shooter

Of the non-flipped popular are the following:


Garlic grade Aleysky

Mid-season, bulb round, flat, stored until spring.


Variety of Moscow garlic

Mid-season, beautifully stored, not too sharp the color of scales is light, the teeth are white.


Variety of garlic Abrek

Looks like Moscow, but head slightly larger.

Odessa 13

Variety of garlic Odessa 13

It happens spring and winter, the color of the scales is white, sometimes with stripes of purple tones, remarkably stored.


Garlic grade Gafuriya

The bulb is medium in size up to 40 grams, round, flat. Resistant to rot, but sometimes prone to powdery mildew.

The best large grades

Of the varieties with a large head, the following are known:

Alekseevsky (giant)

Garlic Alekseevsky (giant)

Onion reaches 250 gr. Wherein resistant to disease and stored for a long time.

Komsomol member

Garlic Komsomolets

Strelka, winter, mid-season, flat bulb round, taste is spicy.


Petrovsky garlic

Looks like a Komsomol member disease resistant.


Degtyarsky garlic

Spring, without arrows, taste moderately spicy.


Garlic Orlovsky

Spring, does not release arrows, onion over 100 gr.


This is not all varieties of garlic that are worthy of attention. AND do not be afraid to try the new selection - There are a lot of good varieties among them!