Garlic is an essential hot seasoning in cooking. It has a spicy taste and rich aroma, healthy properties. Growing garlic is a simple process. therefore, it is in every area. A description of the most popular varieties and varieties can be found in this review.
Varietal Garlic Variety
However, not everyone knows that the varieties of garlic more than 70 species! This means that you can choose according to your taste, focusing on the conditions of a particular plot with its soil, climatic features, location. And growing experience suggests that you should not limit the choice of one or two varieties. It is worth trying a few, and after leaving the ones you like.More than 70 varieties of spring and winter garlic are known.
Most popular varieties
Since the variety variety is large, this article describes popular, popular varieties.
To visually learn spring garlic, you need to pay attention to the following signs:
- spring garlic without central rod, around which are cloves;
- yourself helical teeth - the closer to the center, the smaller they are;
- cloves may vary in size and shape;
- spring garlicwithout arrows.
Popular varieties of spring garlic:
VictorioVictorio spring garlic
Mid-season, high-yielding view. Arrows are absent, resistant to pests and fungal diseases. The bulbs have a flat-rounded shape, the color of scales - yellow-white.
YelenovskySpring garlic grade Elenovsky
Mid-season, fruitful, heads rounded. Outside, the color of the scales is whitish, and inside on the teeth themselves - pinkish. Demonstrates resistance to all diseases typical of plants.
GulliverSpring garlic grade Gulliver
It is considered medium late. The harvest gives a good, releases arrows. Bulb - round, slightly flat. The color of scales - light, white. Little prone to disease and pests.
Sochi 56Spring garlic grade Sochi 56
Mid-season, gives a stable and high-quality harvest. Head shape slightly flat, rounded. The color of the scales may be white or purple, and on the teeth themselves - pink with a purple hue. Resistant to diseases.
YershovskySpring garlic grade Yershovsky
Refers to mid-season, bulbs are rounded, slightly flat. It does not give the shooter a great harvest. Resistant to diseases.
The following signs are characteristic of winter garlic, by which it can be visually recognized:
- in the center of the head rod, around which are cloves;
- teeth located aroundin one row;
- teeth the same;
- the harvest gives a higher;
- at winter -grow arrows on which tiny onions are then formed.
The best-selling varieties of winter garlic are:
LyubashaWinter garlic grade Lyubasha
It tolerates severe frosts and dry summer. It is considered quite high - stem up to 120 cm. Bulb - round, slightly flat. The color of the scales is light with streaks of violet tones, resistant to diseases. Perfectly stored. It has a bright spicy taste and is suitable for canning.
DobrynyaWinter garlic variety Dobrynya
A fruitful grade, but less frost-resistant, than Lyubasha. The heads are large, not too sharp, so it’s good to eat fresh. The ripening period is late. Dobrynya is well kept and little prone to disease.
SofievskyWinter garlic grade Sofiyevsky
It tolerates severe frosts, but in summer it is demanding of heat and light. Not too high - about 70 cm. Large onion - 100 gr with large cloves. The color of scales - gently purple. Resistant to nematode, taste moderately spicy.
AlcorWinter garlic grade Alcor
High yield, well kept. The color of the bulb is pinkish, and the teeth themselves are closer to gray. It is damaged by yellow dwarfism.
DubkovskyWinter garlic variety Dubkovsky
High yield, with good storage performance. The stem is of medium height, the bulb is not large, rarely weighs more than 50 grams. It is stored perfectly, the taste is spicy.
Garlic, releasing arrows, sharper taste, more fruitful than varieties without arrows, better stored. Among the shooters, the most noticeable are:
Gribovsky anniversaryGunned garlic grade Gribovsky anniversary
Medium winter variety. The color of the scales is reddish-purple. Disease resistance is high, stored well.
Gribovsky 60Arrowed garlic grade Gribovsky 60
Yielding early, resistant to freezing and drought. The bulb is medium in size, kept well. Not damaged by bacteria and viruses.
ScythianArrowed garlic grade Skiff
Frost-resistant variety, resistant to diseases of this plant. Scale color - gray with streaks of purple, and the teeth themselves are a creamy tone.
Large-tooth KiselevaArrowed garlic grade Skiff
Early, the head is more than average, about 80 grams, the taste is pleasant, spicy. Diseases not exposed, shelf life - long.
HermannGarlic grade Herman
The bulb is round, conical, the color of the scales is whitish-lilac, and the denticles are cream. Stored up to 8 months resistant to fungal and bacterial infections.
Of the non-flipped popular are the following:
AleiskyGarlic grade Aleysky
Mid-season, bulb round, flat, stored until spring.
MoscowVariety of Moscow garlic
Mid-season, beautifully stored, not too sharp the color of scales is light, the teeth are white.
AbrekVariety of garlic Abrek
Looks like Moscow, but head slightly larger.
Odessa 13Variety of garlic Odessa 13
It happens spring and winter, the color of the scales is white, sometimes with stripes of purple tones, remarkably stored.
GafurianGarlic grade Gafuriya
The bulb is medium in size up to 40 grams, round, flat. Resistant to rot, but sometimes prone to powdery mildew.
The best large grades
Of the varieties with a large head, the following are known:
Alekseevsky (giant)Garlic Alekseevsky (giant)
Onion reaches 250 gr. Wherein resistant to disease and stored for a long time.
Komsomol memberGarlic Komsomolets
Strelka, winter, mid-season, flat bulb round, taste is spicy.
Looks like a Komsomol member disease resistant.
Spring, without arrows, taste moderately spicy.
Spring, does not release arrows, onion over 100 gr.
This is not all varieties of garlic that are worthy of attention. AND do not be afraid to try the new selection - There are a lot of good varieties among them!