White cabbage Megaton F1 found great love among gardeners for its high productivity. The variety is considered to be medium late and demanding to care. When growing Megaton F1, you must comply with all the rules of growing and caring for the crop.
Description and characteristics of cabbage varieties Megaton
The variety was bred by Dutch breeders. In Russia, it became known in the late 90s. Megaton - refers to medium-late varieties and differs from other varieties. increased productivity and productivity.
The leaf rosette is large and according to the description has a light green color. Heading dense, flattened shape, reaches in size up to 5-7 kg. With a large size of the head, the stalk of the variety is small.
Productivity is 9 kg from 1 square. meters. From the moment of emergence of shoots to technical ripeness, about 160 days pass, depending on the climatic conditions and the method of cultivation.The weight of heads of Megaton can reach 5-7 kg
Advantages and disadvantages
The advantages include:
- Frost resistance
- Good yield
- When the air temperature drops, the head does not crack
- High resistance to cabbage diseases
- Megaton is perfect for conservation
- Well transported
Grow cabbage Megaton can both seedlings and seeds in open ground.
This method involves planting seeds. directly to the ground, to a permanent place.Cabbage Seeds Megaton
For good germination, seeds are planted in early May, after spring frosts. Before planting, it is necessary to process the seeds:
- Soaking in hot water for 20 minutes
- Sharp immersion in cold water for 5 minutes
- Processing in a weak solution of potassium permanganate to prevent the occurrence of various diseases
- Washing and drying
Disinfected and treated seeds are planted in depth up to 3 cm, spill and mulch to prevent the occurrence of earthy coma and drying of the soil.
Before the emergence of seedlings should not allow the soil to dry out. Watering is done by sprinkling so that the water does not knock the seeds out of the ground. After the appearance of 3 true leaves, the culture is thinned. The second thinning is carried out after the appearance of 6 true leaves.
After thinning, the cabbage must be fertilized with nitrogenous fertilizers, weed and soil the soil.Loosening is a mandatory procedure after thinning.
Growing seedlings is necessary in the beginning of April. The prepared seeds are sown in the nutrient soil and set in a micro-pot. You must ensure that the soil was constantly wet, while spraying is carried out using a spray gun.
When 3 sheets appear, the seedlings must be fertilized with complex fertilizers and transplanted into separate pots.
Picks produce, only after careful passage of the plant. Seedlings are carefully removed with a clod of earth and cut the main root by 1/3.
Growth conditions, soil preparation and Megaton landing rules
In very hot weather, young seedlings need pritenyat for 2-3 days.
For a generous harvest beds must be prepared in the autumn. The beds are dug up on shovels bayonet and organic fertilizers are applied. Cabbage is better to plant on the beds, where previously grew potatoes, carrots or tomatoes.Megaton cabbage needs a sunny and well ventilated place.
Cabbage, Megaton varieties prefer fertile soil with good moisture and permeability. If the land is with high acidity, then at the time of digging into the soil it is necessary to add ash or lime. On acidic soil, cabbage can get sick with certain diseases that cruciferous plants are susceptible to.
To prevent the attack of insects - pests, marigolds, mint, cilantro and other spicy plants are planted with cabbage.
Grade care after planting
Care Megaton grade is not difficult, is only timely watering, fertilization and hilling.
Watering cabbage exercise in the morning or evening after drying the top layer of the earth, with extremely warm water.
After watering, the ground around the plant should be carefully loosened to a depth of at least 5-7 cm to prevent cracking of the soil.Watering is done in the morning or evening.
After planting seedlings watering spend every 2-3 days, 10 liters of water per plant. From 3 weeks watering is reduced to 1 time per week. Water consumption per plant is 12 liters. During the period of heading, watering is reduced, and 14 days before harvesting, it is stopped altogether, to protect the heading from cracking.
The first hilling spend after 21 days after planting seedlings. Subsequent hilling - once in 10 days.
During the cultivation of cabbage, fertilizers make three times per season.
- The first feeding: two weeks after transplanting.
- Second: 14 days after the first feeding. To do this, apply cow dung diluted with water in the ratio of 1:10.
- Third: during the formation of the head. 10 grams of urea and potassium sulfate are added to a bucket of water.
For the full production of nutrients, it is necessary to use half a liter of fertilizer per plant.Fertilizers are applied three times during cultivation.
Diseases and pests
Although Megaton cabbage is resistant to many diseases, but with improper care it can hit:
Going on leaf damage, buds and young heads of cabbage caterpillar. For treatment, lepidocytes are used (20 grams per 10 liters of water).
Leaf bleaching and curling, growth retardation and disturbance in heading. The treatment consists in adding Decis Pro to the soil.
If the cabbage is damaged by whitefly, the formation of white bloom on leavesthat darken over time. You can get rid of it by spraying the plant with Actellik at the rate of: 1 ampoule per liter of water.
Medvedka strikes root system and stemswhich leads to the death of the plant. To destroy Medvedki use the drug "Medvetoks", which is introduced into the soil to a depth of 5 cm.
Harvesting and storage
At the time of collection affects the landing method. When sowing in a seedless way, the collection is made for 160 day. When planting seedling method - on day 100.
Although Megaton is resistant to a sharp drop in temperature, it has a negative effect on the storage time. Depending on the region, Megaton cabbages are harvested in the fall.
For storage, select intact vegetables, with no signs of rot. Store the heads of stalk up on the straw in a dry place with a temperature of 0 to -4 degrees.
Megaton has one drawback - it’s short fresh storage timeand in order for cabbage to delight with its taste all winter, it must be salted.
With respect for the rules of cultivation and crop care, Megaton variety will delight not only for its high yield, but also for its wonderful taste.
There is a sign of planting cabbage: you can not sow seeds or plant seedlings at a permanent place on Thursday, as they will eat a flea or caterpillar (sign checked by many gardeners).