Cucumbers are considered one of the most common vegetables in Russia. This culture is different thermophilic. Therefore, when growing cucumbers, one should adhere to the basic rules for growing vegetables using varieties suitable for a particular region of the Russian Federation. Today we consider what the best self-pollinated cucumbers for growing in the Leningrad region.
The best self-pollinated cucumber varieties for the Leningrad region
The climate in the Leningrad region is Atlantic-continental, cold and humid. Especially cold in the east of the region. In July, the average temperature in the region warms to 18 degrees. For this reason, cucumbers in this area are grown mainly in greenhouses.
If you grow cucumbers in open areas, then they must be planted at the end of May, not earlier. Recommended for harvest enrich the soil with nitrogen.
A solution of chicken manure is excellent as a fertilizer:
- Dilute 1 kg of dry litter in 5-7 liters of water.
- Leave to infuse for 3-5 days.
- After diluting the separated mixture with 10-15 liters of water.
Fertilizer should be fed cucumbers once in 2-3 weeks.Chicken manure solution as a fertilizer
An important aspect in the cultivation of cucumbers in the Leningrad region is the choice of variety. It is recommended for planting to choose domestic seeds, rather than imported producers, since such seeds tested in our climatic conditions. In addition, it is recommended to buy already proven seed brands in specialized stores, and not from private individuals.
Should be preferred hybrid species, because the latter are more resistant to various diseases, as well as to a cold climate.
Next, we consider the most common self-pollinated, recommended for breeding in greenhouses and in open areas in the Leningrad region.
Consider further which varieties of cucumbers are considered the best for growing in greenhouse conditions in the Leningrad region.
This sredneranny hybrid is usually used for cultivation in film greenhouses on personal household farms. This grade disease resistant.
The main characteristics of the form:
- Cylindrical fruit with broad tubercles, delicate skin and covered with black thorns.
- Cereals reach 12 cm in length.
- The cucumber usually weighs 110-120 g.
- The flesh is not bitter, dense.
- Bushes plants are vigorous. The length can reach up to 3.5 m.
Cucumbers are perfectly preserved and transported. Planting is carried out in May. If the soil is well warmed up this species brings a stable rich harvest.Erika
Mid-season hybrid with good taste. Used for cultivation in the winter-spring period.
Characteristic features of culture:
- main stem grows to a length of 1.5 m, not very branched;
- cucumbers of cylindrical shape, up to 27 cm long;
- Greengrass weight is usually 220-280g.
This grade resistant to root or root rot.Yuventa
Mid-season view is used for breeding in the spring-summer period in greenhouses with film coating without heating.
- Zelentsy long, cylindrical, covered with large tubercles;
- medium density pulp, crispy, not bitter;
- fetal weight approximately 90 grams;
- bushes weakly branchy, vigorous.
This grade resistant to short-term lowering of temperature, as well as many diseases.Our Dasha
It is used for cultivation in greenhouses with heating, and in film. Fruits have high taste. Zelentsy reach up to 15 cm in length and weigh an average of 130-170g.Emelya
Quite a popular hybrid, characterized by good yield and disease resistant. Zelentsy Zozuli come in medium or large sizes. Mass of cucumber is usually 280 grams. Shrubs srednevetvistye. The fruits are well preserved.Zozulya
Early hybrid. Zelentsy covered with black spikes, as well as small pimples. This culture is grown in both film and glazed greenhouses.
- White angel
In addition to the above cucumbers on the territory of the Leningrad region for growing in greenhouses, the following varieties are perfect: Lapland, Valaam, Karelian, Hercules, White Angel, Amur, etc.
For open ground
Leningrad region is a very large region. Gardening rules are different in different parts of the region, for example, in the south and north.
In the southern and central part of the region, this type of vegetable growing is possible. Consider the most common varieties of cucumbers that gardeners use for growing on open ground in the territory of the Leningrad region.
It is an early ripe hybrid with good taste. A significant part of Zelentsov is formed on the main whip, which allows you to collect fruit strictly on weekends. This is considered an important advantage for a large number of summer residents and gardeners.
- Fruits are cylindrical, not long.
- The weight of cucumber is usually 90 g.
Zelentsy is widely used in canning, pickling, as well as raw.Madagascar
Fast and the Furious
Considered one of the earliest ripening hybrid varieties. The plant will please harvest later 38 days.
- Fruits of a dark green color of a cylindrical form;
- Zelentsy not large in size, up to 12 cm in length.
This hybrid is characterized by a long period of fruiting. About after 40 days The plant gives the first harvest.
The variety is highly resistant to many diseases. Shrub srednevetvisty. Zelentsy small in sizes, long to 11 cm.Openwork
This mid-season high-yielding Hybrid is grown both in greenhouse conditions and in open areas.
- Zelentsy dark green, with small tubercles.
- Variety fruits small cucumbers up to 9 cm in length.
Cucumber crunchy. They are widely used both in fresh form and in canning.Athos
This plant characterized by rapid growthas well as resistance to most diseases. The fruits of the culture are cylindrical, externally covered with black spikes up to 10 cm in length.
For the cultivation of cucumbers on open ground, in addition to the varieties listed above, the following varieties are used in the Leningrad Region: Elegant, Cascade, Hector, Nugget and others.
Because of the climatic features in the Leningrad region, it is not very easy to grow cucumbers. To collect a rich harvest it is very important to select varieties recommended for this region. On the territory of the Leningrad region, cucumbers are grown mainly in greenhouse conditions, and not in open areas.