Vegetable really enjoys great popularity, combining the freshness of flavor, crunch, juiciness and low calorie. Its nutritional value is low, but it just allows you to eat as much as your soul desires, without the risk of gaining extra weight. Probably, there is not a single gardener who would not grow cucumbers and tomatoes on his plot. For this reason, the question of feeding for this plant always remains important and relevant.
For the correct growth of cucumbers to feed them you need to still at the stage of growing seedlings at home. In the article we will tell you what an integrated approach to choose and how to water a cucumber when grown in a polycarbonate greenhouse or before planting in open ground.
To fertilize, you can use various folk remedies - nitrogenous, yeast top dressing, droppings, and so on.
Types of dressings for cucumbers in the greenhouse and open ground
If for the cultivation of cucumbers selected fertile soil with a sufficient amount of mineral components, you can expect a good harvest, without exerting additional effort.
It is fair to note that culture not growing actively everywhere. It often happens that the summer cottages cannot provide abundance in fruiting and it cannot climb in time.
The fertilizer process has a lot of positive points, allowing you to achieve excellent results:
- The “fed” vegetable grows faster in spring, bears fruit earlier;
- fertilizer formulations prolong fruiting;
- with additives productivity and taste improves the vegetables themselves;
- Properly chosen fertilizer ingredients can protect plants from diseases by strengthening their “immune” system. This is important for growing in open ground, where plants are less protected from harmful parasites and climatic conditions.
For the whole summer it is enough to perform in the garden from three to four feedingsusing mineral or organic compounds. You can make them in two ways - root and foliar. Any gardener chooses for himself the types and forms of dressings, their alternation. But there are a number of common points that everyone must consider before feeding.
Root dressing should be performed in warm summer. Plant roots are well developed, assimilate the compositions you add in full. It is best if you feed the plants after rain or generous watering. This should be done in the evening or in cloudy weather.
Foliar top dressing useful when the summer is cool, are dull days. Roots in this season will not cope with the assimilation of nutrients. Therefore it is necessary to carry out spraying of foliage, pouring out not very large doses on them.
There are four feeding regimens that should be complied with without fail:
- fifteen days after landing;
- with the onset of flowering period;
- with mass fruiting;
- in the same period to extend the time and increase yields.
If on your land cucumbers grow well and bear fruit, with fertilizing compounds do not overdo it, the vegetable does not like it. In such cases, it is enough to perform one or two such events.
Top dressing and folk remedies for greenhouse cucumbers and greenhouse
The plant at various stages of development requires certain mineral components and vitamins. In the initial period, culture actively consumes nitrogen. During the formation of the whips he needs an additive potassium.
With the addition of shoots and the onset of fruiting, it is again necessary to introduce nitrogen-containing compounds.
Potassium fertilizers - urea, superphosphateSuperphosphate
One small spoon is added to a bucket of water. potassium sulfate, urea and superphosphate. The second option is a glass mullein ten liters of water. One large spoon can be diluted with the same amount of liquid. sodium humate.
In order for the vegetables to be well poured, you should apply the foliar dietary option using special preparations "Zircon" or "Epin".
In ten liters of water, one spoonful of any of the preparations is diluted, the consumption of the composition is five liters per square plot bedsGiant - feeding specifically for cucumbers
For open ground
Fertilizer compositions can be prepared independently, selecting the components at your own sight. Such dressings have several advantages. We give the recipes that have proven best.
Proper use of yeast
An effective way for which you will need the usual yeast for baking bread. One pack should be dissolved in a ten-liter bucket of water, put in a warm place and insist for three days. Once a day, the composition must be thoroughly mixed.
This nutrient is brought in. after doing watering. On each bush should pour half a liter of feeding composition. It will not only stimulate development, but also create protection against harmful parasites. But remember that a similar feeding method applies no more than three times for the whole season.
Home-made bread infusion
Excellent option, which is a good alternative to yeast. For the preparation of foliar use, it is necessary soak a loaf of bread in a bucket of water and insist one night. In the morning bread mass should be kneaded, add 10 ml of iodine to water.
After that, the resulting mass is diluted with water at the rate of 1 liter of fertilizer composition per bucket of liquid. After that it is possible to carry out spraying of culture.
You can insist on bread for a week by covering the bucket with a lid and putting it in heat. In this case, you get an excellent root feeding. For the preparation is not necessary to use a bread loaf - suitable crusty crusts, the number of which can be arbitrary.
To water cucumbers in such a composition, it is diluted with water at the rate of one to three. Consumption - up to five hundred grams on the plant.
This kind of fertilizer can be applied. once every five daysas soon as the first ovary appears on the bushes. The use of bread sourdough is allowed until the end of the season.Bread infusion as a top dressing should be made no more than once every 5 days
We already know that plants are fed in four stages. And for each period it is allowed to use mineral compounds:
- one spoonful of urea and sixty grams of superphosphate per bucket of water;
- ammonium nitrate, superphosphate, potash salt (all ten grams) to ten liters of water;
- ammophos in the amount of five grams crumbles in a bed, the soil is loosened;
- potassium nitrate (20 g), ammonium nitrate (30 g), superphosphate (40 g);
- a glass of wood ash in a bucket of water;
- superphosphate and ash dry are introduced into the soil;
- up to thirty grams of potassium nitrate bred in a bucket of water;
- fifty grams of urea is used for the same amount of liquid;
- twenty-five grams of ash per liter of water;
- thirty grams of baking soda are added to a bucket of water;
- a glass of ash on a bucket of water.
ManureMullein infusion can be purchased in finished form
Excellent help in the cultivation of cucumbers mullein and bird droppings. The first is rich in organic ingredients, can be used for greenhouses and open beds. Chicken droppings are recommended for outdoor plants, including cucumbers, onions and tomatoes.
This type of fertilizer contains an excess of ammonia, which during the decay and contact with the ground able to excrete nitrates, bad and dangerous not only to plants, but also to human health.
Such compositions are also used in each of the four feeding periods:
- poultry manure at the rate of 1 to 15, used in a freshly prepared state;
- manure slurry, diluted 1 to 8;
- cow dung 1 to 6;
- infusion of freshly cut grass 1 to 5;
- herbal infusion 1 to 5;
- green fertilizer composition at the rate of 1 to 5;
- infusion of fresh hay (two days).
The use of nitrogen fertilizer for cucumberWith a lack of nitrogen cucumbers grow in the form of a hook
The first signs of a lack of such a component are considered bright foliage and the same shade of fruit, somewhat pointed. Then the leaf begins to actively turn yellow, the root system turns brown and dies, the bush suspends development. Observed shedding ovaries and inflorescences, small formation of lateral branches.
To save the situation, you can use infusion of weedswhich are cut and poured water at the rate of two kilograms of mass per bucket of water. It is necessary to insist a week. The composition is good for plants in greenhouse conditions.
For open ground is perfect mullein solution 1 to 10. A liter of fluid must be poured under each bush.
They are used if it is necessary to saturate the plants with calcium. The amount of this component depends brightness and size of inflorescences.Sulphatic fertilizer Nitrophoska
Many simply scatter phosphate or sulphate fertilizer over the bed before digging up the earth. This method allows you to saturate the soil with nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Enough for that on a square square make up to thirty grams fertilizer composition.
During watering once a week, you can add a nitrophoska to water at the rate of forty grams per bucket of water.
Using all the recommendations, you will be able to grow decent yields of cucumbers annually in your backyard. Just remember that the solutions should be applied in the form of heat, as the cucumber plant does not tolerate cold.