Who among us does not like crispy cucumbers: fresh, lightly salted, canned, salted. Most of them we use in saline form. No good holiday table goes without such appetizers as pickles. They are present in the composition of almost all salads from autumn to spring, and without them a vinaigrette or vinaigrette.
But experienced housewives know that not every variety of cucumber is suitable for preservation. According to one recipe, you can close different cucumbers and the result will be completely different. The cucumbers are not always obtained dense and crispy, the reason lies in the correctness of the variety selected for pickling. In this review we will talk about what varieties of cucumbers should be planted in open ground for pickling.
Criteria for selecting pickles for pickling
Cucumbers have three purposes:
- Salad, used only fresh.Such cucumbers have small white spikes or they are absent on completely smooth, thick skin (which does not pass brine inside the fruit), their skin is from white to dark green. In conservation, they become soft and tasteless;
- Zabolochnye, small in size. They are suitable for consumption and fresh, but their skin is dense, you can say harsh, but in brine they are amazing, hard, crispy, the names of the best varieties are given below;
- Universal, these mainly include the latest generation of hybrids. Cucumbers up to 100 mm in size, are used for eating fresh and for salting, preferably pickling.
- Salad Cucumbers
- Cucumbers for salting
- Universal hybrid variety of cucumbers
Medium cucumbers up to 15 cm long, with dense skin are chosen for salting. When pressing the fruit with a nail, the peel should be easily pierced. The presence of black thorns on the fruit is obligatory. It is their presence on the greens that provides the porosity of the dense skin and contributes to a better penetration of the brine inside the cucumber, giving the fruits in salting the crispness so beloved by all.
Description of the best pickling varieties, which one to choose?
The best pickled cucumbers that have passed the test of time are old Russian varieties, the description and characteristics are given below:
Old Ukrainian variety Nezhinskiy still not lost its popularity due to its high taste, productivity, drought tolerance. Vegetable medium early ripening (47-55 days). Unlike hybrids, you can collect your seeds from it. On its basis, the varieties of the so-called "Nezhin dynasty", which are also good for salting, are bred: Nezhinsky-12, Nezhinsky Kuban, Era, Nosovsky, Nezhinka.
Bee pollinating hybrid of average maturity (50 days). Abundantly fruiting throughout the summer, the size of the greens to 100 mm.
High-yielding medium-early-ripening cucumber (47-51 day), on the surface of the fruit there are large bumps and their length is up to 120 mm.
One of the oldest Russian varieties comes from the city of Murom. Early, pollinated by early-maturing bees (32-42 days).
Far EasternCucumber Far East
Maturation in average terms (40-55 days), pollinated by bees, fruits are moderately lumpy, up to 15 cm.
Medium early large knobby hybrid, cucumbers up to 12 cm with a friendly return of the crop.
Parisian GherkinCucumber Paris gherkin
Early (40-45 days), bee-pollinating hybrid Parisian gherkin. Krupnobugorchatye Zelentsy devoid of bitterness in the taste, up to 11 cm.
Bee pollinating early grade (40-55 days), small cucumbers up to 11 cm resistant to short-term cooling.
These varieties are time tested and almost never fail with the crop. Testing on the site of the new selection, these old-timers are gardeners anyway, a place in the garden is given, just in case. They are ideal in salting, both in size and taste.
The most popular cucumbers for winter harvest
The most popular of the cucumber variety are:
Hermann - Parthenocarpic early (41-47 days) hybrid of the ovary beam type, medium bulge Zelentsy up to 10 cm, sweet to the taste and absolutely without bitterness.
The suhranny hybrid (30-36 days) has bushes of a compact form, a beam form of an ovary. Large-Hobby Cucumbers Hector, 10-12 cm in size, have a dark color and a pronounced cucumber flavor.
Early (46-48 days) self-pollinating hybrid, large, elongated fruits with a size of 14-22 cm. With insufficient watering bitterness appears in cucumbers Zozulya.
Courage - early hybrid (38-44 days) does not require pollination, requiring a minimum of attention when growing. Fruits up to 15 cm.
Late-ripening (55-65 days) bee-pollinated hybrid Phoenix with fruits up to 16 cm, thick skin. The plant is well adapted to temperature extremes, heat and drought. Fruits do not turn yellow for a long time.
In need of pollination sredneranny (43-48 days), ovary of a single type. Krupnobugorchatye fruits, up to 12 cm in size, excellent to taste.
Pollinated by bees, in terms of maturity refers to the mid-season (48-52 days), has knobby fruits of up to 11 cm.
Moscow NightsCucumbers near Moscow evenings
Medium maturation (42-45 days) self-pollinating hybrid, fruits lumpy in size up to 14 cm.
Self-cured high-yield hybrid Marinda average (40-55 days) maturity. Fruits - large-gherkin gherkins up to 10 cm long have an even form, they have no bitterness at all.
The best universal varieties: names and characteristics
The best varieties of universal purpose include the following:
Bee-pollinating hybrid Rodnichok medium maturation (48-55 days), small-hilly fruits up to 12 cm long resistant to complex diseases.
ShrubCucumber variety Kustovoy
Bee-pollinating early, with fruits of ovate-oblong form, 9-12 cm long. Have a long shelf life.
Kid - early maturing (40-43 days) bee-pollinating,with large ellipsoidal large fruits, up to 9 cm long.
Tom ThumbCucumbers Boy with a finger
Early ripe (39-41 day) gherkin Boy with a finger with a beam type of ovary, finely tucked greens up to 11 cm do not have voids in the pulp.
Super early (35-39 days) self-pollinating Masha hybrid with a tuft-type ovary and prolonged fruiting. Krupnobugorchatye gherkins without bitterness and have excellent taste.
Early (40-45 days) high-yielding hybrid with fruits up to 12 cm long, resistant to high temperatures, therefore recommended for repeated summer cultivation.
Competitor - medium early variety (43-53 days), fruitful. Krupnobugorchatye fruits up to 12 cm
Pickled cucumber - the best variety for mass salting
Pickling - a unique variety that, due to the optimum density of the pulp of the fruit and its taste, is considered the best for pickling. Bred at the Volgograd Experimental Station VNIIR them. N.I. Vavilova.
This is a medium early variety, harvesting can be done in 40-45 days after germination, bee-pollinated, most suitable for cultivation in open ground.Cucumber
Shrubs sredneroslye, shoots have unlimited growth force, therefore, need pinching to better education side shoots.
Dark green Krupnobugorchatye cucumbers with white stripes on a thin peel with black spikes have a length of 9-14 cm and weight up to 120 g. Zelentsy have a pronounced cucumber flavor, there is no bitterness in them. In salting, they are dense, crispy and excellent taste.
Patching grass is sufficiently resistant to most diseases, including powdery mildew, so it does not create problems in cultivation.
It is grown both through seedlings and direct sowing of seeds into the soil. For growing it is better to use warm beds. To this end, in the fall, twigs, weeds, tops of tomatoes and peppers, fallen apples and leaves are poured on top of a layer of earth, then humus or compost, again the ground at the bottom of an excavated trench 0.6 m deep. In the spring, as soon as the weather permits, the bed is covered with a film (better than black) for quick heating of the soil, you can pre-spill the bed with boiling water. At the end of April, cross-shaped incisions are made on the film, they are planted with seeds or seedlings, covered with film or agrofiber on the installed arcs. Landing holes are made in 0.5-0.6 m.Preparation of a warm bed for planting cucumbers
When the threat of frost has passed the shelter is removed. Further care consists of watering, feeding, tying growing lashes to the installed trellis and regular harvesting.
Growing cucumber Zasolochny will not bring disappointments - it is tasty and reliable.
There is a lot of pickles for pickling as well as white cabbage, each variety has its own + and -. It’s not so difficult to choose a variety that suits your taste and size, Of course, it’s better to start with old proven varieties and in parallel try to plant new ones. Grow, preserve and surprise with your pickles!