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Planting rules zucchini and care for them in the open field


This early-ripening crop bears fruit throughout the summer. The plant is unpretentious, but requires care. Planting and cultivation is carried out on open ridges, for early harvest, seedlings are planted in greenhouses. In this article, we will look at how to properly plant a zucchini in open ground, as well as how to care for it at home and how to feed it during the whole growing season.

Terms of planting zucchini seeds in open ground

To plant seeds in the ground start when the soil warms up to +12 degrees, not earlier than mid-May. In the cold earth, the seeds will not germinate, rot and die. Therefore, landing is left to warmer weather. With late night frosts, tender sprouts freeze. Planting of zucchini seeds for seedlings is carried out at will, since the fruits have time to ripen and are planted immediately with seeds at the depth of the soil.

You can do this in early May (for the middle band), pre-spilling the hole with warm water. The sowing site is covered with a plastic 5-liter transparent canister with a cut neck. It turns out a mini greenhouse for each plant. Do not forget that planting vegetables in the soil and in the greenhouse or greenhouse is significantly different.

After the onset of sustained heat and the absence of night frost, the canister is removed and you can grow seeds further

Proper preparation of beds and planting seed at home

Best cooking ridges in the fall. When digging bring rotten manure or compost, the full range of fertilizers - superphosphate, potassium salt, ammonium nitrate. Ate needed pre lime.

Where and which side to plant the seeds? Squashes can be sown on compost heaps. A loose, humus-rich land is a good place for this culture.

Zucchini do not plant next to the pumpkin. Intercirculation will reduce the yield of both crops.

It is enough to loosen the bed prepared in autumn with spring and make holes in it. The bush at the zucchini is volumetric; it is planted at a distance of 0.5-0.8 meters. Seeds are treated with a 1% solution of potassium permanganate, ash or nitroammofoski, having sustained for 20 minutes. Then washed with water. This will protect the seeds from diseases and ensure a friendly germination.

2-3 seeds are placed in the hole, in case one does not rise. At emergence of shoots, leave one sapling, the others pinch off.

Potash increase plant resistance to lack of moisture and heat. Increase resistance to diseases and pests. There are potassium sulfate, potassium chloride, potassium salts.

Magnesium and iron containing include magnesium oxide, boron, iron. Increase the yield of fruits and their quality. Magnesium helps deoxidize the soil. It is better to fertilize in the fall according to a certain scheme, indicated in the instructions.

It is very convenient to use ready-made complex fertilizers. They contain the necessary chemical elements as a percentage. Azophoska, nitrophoska, diammophos include phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium in a state of easy assimilation for plants.

Microadditives are very important for plant development: boric, molybdenum, manganese, copper. They require a small amount, add to the complex.

Squashes are subject to such diseases:

  • White rot
  • Gray rot.
  • Mealy dew.
  • Fusarium wilt.

White and gray rot covers leaves, stalks and ovaries with bloom, they soften and dry out. This is a fungus. Appears in cold wet weather in dense plantings. Disputes persist in the ground. To destroy the disease spray copper sulphate, sulfuric zinc, urea solution. Do not thicken the landing, watered with warm water.

Mealy dew. The leaves are first affected, then the disease damages the whole plant. Absorbs plant nutrition, reduces yield. Distributed with fluctuations in temperature, excess nitrogen. It is treated by spraying with colloidal sulfur, manure infusion, solution of potassium permanganate.

Fusarium wilt affects the roots. With further development goes to the stem, and it dies. You can destroy only completely replacing the soil.

All these diseases are stored on plant residues and in the soil. They can be prevented by careful preparation of the ridges, burning plant residues, post-harvest processing, and crop rotation.

Insect pests for zucchini:

  • Gourd aphid.
  • Spider mite
  • Whitefly.

Larvae melon aphid hibernate on the remains of plants, multiply rapidly in the spring. Damage the stems and leaves, after which they dry out. Autumn cleaning of ridges, burning of vegetable garbage will help prevent insect invasion. In the summer, the plants are sprayed with an infusion of hot pepper, onion, and potato tops, and powdered with tobacco dust.

Spider mite small invisible pest. Populates the bottom of the sheet. Causes leaf spot and their drying out. Control measures such as with aphids.

White fly forms a sticky sugar coating on the back of the leaves. This is the environment for the formation of various fungi and plant diseases. The pest can be washed off with water, not allowing them to remain on the ground afterwards. When a large number of insects, the soil after harvest, treat the insecticide "Commander".

Harvesting and storage

Green fruits with a length of up to 25 cm are considered to be the most tasty and useful. They have thin skin and small immature seeds. Taking off the squash in time, we help the formation and growth of new ovaries. In this case, all summer we will have fresh Zelentsy. From the end of August, we begin to make storage for the winter. We collect fruits with hard skin and a long stalk for better storage. Harvest to frost.

Well ripened zucchini can be stored in a cool room for 4-5 months until March.

Squashes ripening crop, the first harvest we get in 20 days after flowering. Early harvest, allows you to get fresh vitamins in early summer. The wide possibilities of their use makes zucchini a popular crop among gardeners.