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Characteristics and description of tomato variety Azhur

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Among the variety of varieties of tomato deserves special attention Openwork, thanks to a wide range of technical characteristics. A healthy vegetable grown on its own bed will be a favorite ingredient for creating delicious nutritious dishes and home-made preparations for the winter, in the article we will give a description of the variety of this tomato.

Description and characteristics of tomato variety Azhur

Variety Azhur belongs to varieties of early ripening. A period of technical ripeness comes later. 105-110 days after the formation of the first shoots.

The plant has a compact stem bush, densely strewn with open carved foliage of green color. It reaches a height of 80-90 cm, which makes it possible to grow it without additional support. The inflorescence is simple. Stem with articulation.

Tomato fruits have a regular flat-rounded shape, at the stage of technical ripeness are painted in a saturated red color. Each tomato of this variety weighs 250-350 g. Fruits with thin, but dense peel and sweet fragrant pulp, which differs in density and fleshy.

The average fruit weight is 250-350 grams
The chemical composition of the pulp of tomatoes is famous for the presence in them of a large amount of nutrients, vitamins, minerals, sugars and organic acids.

Breeding history and region of growth

An unpretentious openwork hybrid with good taste is the result of the work of domestic breeders in Russia. The originator and patent holder is Cedek.

The purpose of creating a hybrid - the cultivation of culture in greenhouse conditions in cold climates. The variety was registered in 2007 as a vegetable, after which it immediately gained popularity among gardeners.

In the open field is suitable for cultivation in areas such as: Astrakhan, Krasnodar Territory and the central regions of Russia. In the northern territories, cultivation is possible only under greenhouse conditions.

In the North and in Siberia, cultivation of the variety is possible only in the greenhouse

The advantages of the variety and its disadvantages

The positive characteristics for which the variety is valued include:

  • high yields, you can collect from 1 m2 7-8 kg, and from one bush - from 5 to 8 kg a tomato;
  • matchless taste and external characteristics, thanks to large fruits and their attractive form;
  • intensive growth of tomatoes and amicableness of their ripening in all weather conditions;
  • the tendency to cracking is not observed;
  • good resistance to diseases and attacks of pests, subject to the observance of all agricultural practices;
  • preservation of appearance and taste fruits during transportation over long distances;
  • keeping quality, which allows you to keep ripe vegetables for about three months when placed in a cold place;
  • versatility in use, as vegetables are good both fresh and in homemade preparations for the winter.

According to reviews of experienced gardeners, this variety has no obvious drawbacks, one can only note increased need for irrigation and complex dressingsthat complicates care of tomatoes a little, and dependence of flavoring properties on availability of nutrients in the soil.

Agronomic techniques for growing

The technique of cultivating the Azhur variety in greenhouse conditions, open ground is a simple task that does not require the creation of difficult conditions, and the care is interesting and affordable.

Planting seeds

Tomato Azhur seeds
A more productive method of obtaining a rich harvest is planting tomatoes seedlings.

Therefore, the main reception of agrotechnics before planting seedlings is seed treatment, which will increase germination and reduce the time of germination of seedlings.

Preparatory procedures for seeds require a lot of time and attention. The main stages include seed sorting, heating, treatment in a solution of a biostimulant with protective and activating properties, soaking, germination and hardening.

The soil substrate for planting must meet the standards of culture, be aerated, not caked, have an optimal salt and acid balance, and do not have chemical substances harmful to culture.

Mid March 55-60 days Before planting, seedlings should be sown, which includes the following operations:

  1. Before planting, pour the soil into containers and moisten.
  2. To place two or three seeds, then to leave a well-developed seedling. If a box is used, the seeds should be deepened by 1 cm, keeping a minimum intermediate distance of 5 cm.
  3. Water, cover with film material or glass and put in a room with temperature. 23-25 ​​degrees above zero. It should be borne in mind that the Azhur seedlings of the variety like good lighting, dry air, moist soil and do not withstand drafts, therefore creating optimal conditions to adhere to the preferences of the culture.
  4. After 5-7 days, the first shoots will appear. At this point, the film should be removed and watered as the soil dries.
  5. After the formation of 3-5 leaves, seedlings are subject to dive in separate pots, at the same time it is necessary to use the new soil equipped with fertilizers. A pick involves increasing the extra mass of the roots in a natural way.
  6. Two months later, young plants to plant in the greenhouse or open ground.
Dive seedlings produced after the appearance of 3-5 true sheets

Transplantation of seedlings in open ground

When planting tomatoes in a greenhouse or open ground need to focus on the climatic conditions and the method of cultivation. Better when soil temperature rises up to 15-17 degrees.

Landing should be carried out in the evening. This will allow the seedlings to adapt to the new place.

The main stages of planting seedlings in open ground:

  1. Before planting, pre-select the site with the presence of breathable and well-heated soil. It is better to grow this vegetable on a raised place or a raised bed. Good predecessors - cabbage, cucumbers, zucchini. Selected bed to dig, level and maintain fertilizer complex using compost, wood ash and superphosphate.
  2. Make landing beams, keeping distance 40 cm, and between the rows - 50-60 cm for good care and ease of harvesting.
  3. Every well water well and add organic.
  4. Seed seedlings in the holes and gently sprinkle with fertile soil.
  5. After planting, water the plants again using warm water.
Proper watering of the tomato is carried out exclusively under the root.

Care

In order for the plant to be healthy and strong, you need to organize the correct further care, which includes:

  • irrigation, the frequency of which depends on the climate of the region and soil moisture;
  • regular weeding and loosening between the beds;
  • hilling during the formation of roots and their growth;
  • bush formation and timely removal, sprouting in the axils of the shoots, in order to avoid reducing the yield and reducing the size of the fruit;
  • implementation of preventive measures to protect the culture against diseases and pests;
  • tying up and fixing on the support of large culture bushes, using long strips of soft tissue.

Features of fruiting

To obtain a high-quality crop of tomatoes, you should follow all the valuable tips on growing these tasty vegetables:

  1. Seedlings do not land close to each other in order to avoid slowing their growth and further development.
  2. Provide plants with high-quality lighting, especially in winter, by organizing artificial light.
  3. When planting seedlings need to dig as deep as possible their shoots in the ground until the top leaves.
  4. To tomatoes were large in size, the bush should be left not all inflorescences, but about three well-formed bunches.
  5. To regulate the growth of plants by plucking the tops, and by the beginning of the preparation of home preparations for the winter, most of the fruits will ripen and be ready for processing.
  6. For good preservation of the tomato, the collection is carried out in dry weather at noontime, removing the fruit rest. The final crop harvesting should be carried out before the temperature drops at night to 5̊ degrees above zero.
The harvest of Azhura must be completed before cold spells.

Here are some valuable tips to help maximize your harvest.

Diseases and their prevention

Variety Azhur demonstrates high resistance to diseases peculiar to tomatoes.

This phenomenon does not exclude the risk of infection with late blight, tobacco mosaic, brown spot. The most dangerous pests for culture are tick, snail, caterpillar, mole.

To prevent the appearance of diseases and the accumulation of pests, several conditions must be observed:

  • when landing use quality seedsbought in special stores, trusting only trusted manufacturers;
  • observe the rules of crop rotation and do not plant tomatoes near the potato beds;
  • annually change landing site, and in the absence of such an opportunity, it is imperative to process and restore the soil;
  • for preventive purposes spray bushes appropriate protective equipment;
  • time to isolate and remove diseased or pest plants.

Many gardeners fell in love with the Openwork variety and made it a permanent resident of their beds for its large fruits, distinguished by their unique taste and pleasant aroma. A generous harvest will be provided even in adverse weather conditions.

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