Recently, the cultivation of ornamental types of beans has become a very popular occupation. If you want to plant your plot with them, it is worth knowing what these climbing grades are notable for and what they require maintenance.
What is decorative beans and the purpose of its cultivation
Beans were brought to European countries only in the 15th century, and at first absolutely all types were considered decorative, they were not used as food.
The varieties used to plant for the decoration of the garden in modern times are distinguished by a thick flowering cover and a special, beautiful flowering that can be colored. They apply to create a green hedge or artistic elements.
Plants are grown as annuals. Seedlings grow rapidly, forming long, branchy vines. There are also spray patterns. In autumn, like other beans, pods ripen on the branches. Their colors are directly dependent on the varietal characteristics.The color of the decorative bean pods directly depends on the variety
Is it possible to eat decorative beans?
Despite the name, this representative legumes can be eaten. In Russia, the plant is most often grown for beauty, but in many other countries its fruits are eaten, like in ordinary, classical varieties.
Dishes made from such beans, do not differ in taste. They are a source of vegetable protein, vitamins and trace elements. Having a high energy value, bean kitchen is considered dietary.
Easily assimilable bean protein is similar in its properties to an animal, as in meat or fish.Decorative bean beans are edible, like ordinary
The most popular varieties for cultivation in the open field
Among the variety of options, species with bright red and purple flowers are especially popular among Russians.
This is one of the most valued species among summer residents. At length it reaches 2.5 meters. On the dark green foliage large soft purple flowers are clearly visible.
The crop that ripens already 55 days after the emergence of shoots has the same color.Violetta
Draconic tongues were so named because interesting color pods. Violet tone gentle cover combined with a rich yellow color, forming a clear contrast.
It is noteworthy that during heat treatment, the color changes and becomes uniformly green.Draconian tongues
Little Red Riding Hood
The flowers of this early variety are pure red, and in seeds this shade covers only the flank, and the rest is white. The fruits are particularly well used in the preparation of borscht, because their dense texture is not boiled soft.Little Red Riding Hood
The grade Fiery falls is capable to reach 5 meters long.
Rock Climber Pink
Rock Climber Pink blooms from June to September. Small pink buds collected in a brush bloom on thick dark green vines reaching up to 3 meters high.Rock Climber Pink
Planting beans can be seedling method, but there is no special need for this. Planting in open ground is made from mid May to early June.
Seeds are soaked for a day in water, and then placed in the soil at a depth of 1 centimeter. The method consists in digging holes at a distance of 40-45 cm, which must be carefully watered. In them 2-3 seed drops at once.
Harvesting seedlings in greenhouse conditions occurs in the middle of April at a temperature of from 18 to 22 degrees above zero. Each sprout needs a separate pot. If it is already too stretched out, and the transfer to the site is not yet carried out, then additional support is provided to the plant.
Heat-loving landing need keep away from frost. At cold temperatures, crops are carefully warmed with a film or other material. They also need spud and set direction.
A favorable condition is the presence of light, fertile land, with sufficient moisture and light. Beans require good watering, especially in heat. It is desirable to mulch the surface at the roots with sawdust or straw: this is how much longer the moisture remains.Decorative beans grow well on light fertile soil
All organic fertilizers are suitable for this crop, excluding fresh manure.
Application in landscape design
Decorative beans are a great tool for vertical gardening used in design. It is used to decorate hedges, fences, arbors. Plant used in creating arches, colorful pergolas.
An interesting solution is the creation of garden compositions, giving the space a zest and adding coziness. Plantings adorn the beds with abundant blooms in the summer, hanging bright pods add brightness to autumn days.
Forming an arched shape, the seeds are sown on the sides of the structure on both sides. The tops of grown vines are held together or rise even higher.Arch of decorative beans
Diseases and pests
Only healthy samples are suitable for use, the rest should be destroyed. This gray bug is determined by the holes formed, the larvae.
To protect the fruit from contamination, after harvesting, the part intended for reproduction in the next season is processed methation. Store them in tightly tied bags, at zero temperature.
If the leaves in a chaotic manner there are light brown spots with a yellowish-green stroke, this indicates the presence of bacteriosis. The affected shoots are immediately removed, and the neighboring ones are processed copper oxychloride. After 10 days, the spraying procedure is repeated. This disease is visible on the seeds in the form of the same spots.
There are many ways to improve land. Curly beans, charming and unpretentious, perfectly suited for this purpose.