Many housewives appreciate the beans for the fact that it is not just a dietary product, but contains a lot of vitamins and beneficial substances for the body. In addition, from it you can cook a lot of different and delicious culinary masterpieces. Especially useful and nutritious is the saxa bean variety.
Description and characteristics of Saks bean variety without fiber 615
Saxon variety was zoned at the Voronezh Experimental Station in 1943. The merit in this belongs to AV Krylov. He created a bush plant, whose height reached 43-54 cm. The variety had a purple color of sail. The length of the bean was 11-13 cm. The seeds themselves were yellow in color and weighed 300 g.
Sachs - precocious vegetable plant. After 50 days you can collect the fruits. Yields fluctuate from 125 to 160 centners per hectare.
Breeding history and region of growth
It was not only one scientist who managed to work on the saxa variety. After the departure of Krylov A.V. from the Voronezh Experimental Station, Yatsinina KN continued the work on this variety. In 1949, Mikhelman N. worked on improving this bean. Over time, Sachs was included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements as a variety of standards.
Advantages and disadvantages
This bean, like any other varieties, has its own advantages and disadvantages. However, it has more advantages than disadvantages.
The main advantages of the variety include:
- high yield, a lot of pods are growing on a bush;
- you will have green beans until frost;
- from it you can cook a lot of delicious dishes;
- suitable for freezing.
As mentioned above, there are few flaws, there are only 2 of them:
- in bad and cold weather the pods will be smaller in size;
- tear off fruits needed still greenotherwise they will be hard and not tasty.
This beans are planted in late May, early June. It is well tolerated neighborhood with different cultures, except for onions. The variety is planted immediately to a permanent place, it does not require the cultivation of seedlings.
As for the landing site, it is prepared since the fall. To do this, carefully dig up the soil and Potash and phosphate fertilizers are added to it.. In the spring, repeat the procedure, but you can also add manure or humus.
For planting seeds break through the grooves, deep from 5 to 8 cm. Shrubs planted at a distance from each other about 20 cm. Indent between rows 40 cm.
Seeds can be germinated, but you can not germinate. For germination it will be enough to put them for a day in warm water with potassium permanganate.
Behind her perfectly not difficult to care for. You just need to follow the rules of watering and feeding.
After it germinates, watering is carried out regularly. However, it is not necessary to excessively moisten the soil. When there are 4 full leaf, then watering should stop until flowering. Then it is resumed again.When watering the sax bean, it is impossible to excessively moisten the soil.
It is also necessary to conduct 2 dressings. The first is carried out at the appearance of sprouts, and the second at the beginning of flowering. The main thing during the flowering period, do not use nitrogen fertilizers, because they can cause abundant greens and dull the growth of pods.
Peculiarities of this variety
Sachs has its own characteristic advantages:
- In the folds and seams of this culture no parchment and fiberBecause the fruits have a wonderful delicate flavor;
- It supplies the soil with nitrogen, so in its place next year you can plant the most fastidious vegetables;
- Starting from July until the autumn, this culture will throw new and new fruits.
Diseases and pests
It is relatively stable before anthracnose, however, it is slightly affected by such diseases as:
Bean mosaic - a viral disease that manifests itself on a plant as gray-brown foliage. The affected part swells and rots. Over time, the plant ceases to grow. Because of the disease, the beans may die at all.
A distinctive feature of bacteriosis is that they appear on legumes. white circleswhich to the touch resemble mucus. This disease causes the beans to curl and fade.
To prevent the above diseases, the following preventive measures should be taken:
- necessary regularly change landing place;
- previously process seeds;
- use for planting fresh stufftaken from healthy and strong plants;
- after harvesting, the garden plot must be cleaned of grass and weeds and plowed well;
- if the beans were susceptible to any disease, then this culture should not be planted in the same place earlier than 3 years.
As for pests, bean bugs are especially eager to enjoy this crop. The most common among them are:
- sprout fly;
- grain aphid;
During the period of growth, they suck out nutrients, minerals and juices from the stem, as a result of which the legumes die. In winter, these insects lay larvae that penetrate deep into the fetus.
The rarest pests are the rarest fly larvae. However, their peculiarity is that they are very small and inconspicuous, have a black color. At the same time, such a fly reproduces both in fruits and seeds.
If your legumes are attacked by these insects, then the crop can hold a bit on the steam bath or put in the freezerso they died.
During the growing season you can culture process toxic chemicals. Suitable means - Aktara. Spraying is better before the ovary color, or after flowering. It should strictly adhere to the instructions on the package.For the prevention of the appearance of pests, you can use the tool Aktara
As you can see, the saxar green beans is a picky culture, so even a novice gardener will like it. And also she will surely please the hostess with her taste and low calorie content.