Turnip, which we learn in childhood from Russian folk tales, you need to be able to grow. It does not always please the summer resident with its huge size and appetizing appearance. The useful root vegetable of the unlucky summer resident often takes the whole tops or because of the wormhole has an unattractive look. Therefore, the question of when to plant seeds in open ground is quite relevant.
Under the conditions of care and agricultural technology, cultivation is available in the garden in many regions of Russia.
The correct time for planting turnips in open ground
Short growing season 60 - 80 days lets get over the summer two crops. The first sowing is carried out in the Moscow region in the middle of spring - April, the beginning of May. In the Urals and in Siberia, the dates are practically the same, there they plant a turnip in the first days of May, and in early spring - in the last days of April.
Planted in the spring root crops do not store for a long time, they go for summer consumption or are used in the preparation of winter blanks. Root vegetables harvested in late June, early July.
Second sowing - summer, gives the crop, suitable for long-term winter storage. Deadline for planting in the central zone July (first decade), in the northern regions (Siberia, the Urals), summer sowing should be carried out mid to late june.
When sown at a later date, the root crop may not be formed even when using early ripening varieties. It is possible to calculate the term more precisely: to subtract from the date of the expected end of the season the ripening time indicated on the pack.
The best varieties for planting in the suburbs and the middle zone
- Petrovskaya 1
In Moscow, any variety planted at the right time, will give a good harvest. Thanks to the frequent rains, the turnips in the villas near Moscow are growing excellent. For winter consumption, you can advise the old, proven variety - Petrovskaya-1.
Peter's turnip is suitable for long-term storage. The roots are yellow with white, juicy flesh. The taste is pleasant, a little sweet. The shape of root crops is neat, flat-round. Vegetation period 70-80 days.
Good grade for the Moscow region Geisha - perfect for summer. Root is juicy, tasty with white flesh and skin. Edible leaves, they contain beta-carotene. Plus varieties - no arrow.
Turnip varieties for cultivation in Siberia and the Urals
- Russian size
A great choice for the Ural and Siberian summer residents will be the variety Russian size. Root crops will be pleased with a large size (2 kg), excellent classical taste and a long storage period. Sow grade Russian size at the end of June, clean after 2 - 2.5 months.
For summer consumption, ideal grade Snowball. Root crops are large, white, without bitterness, recommended for diet. Productivity at a grade is steadily high. Leaves can be used to make salads.
To improve the germination of seed material, to save it from possible infections in various ways:
- Bubbling during the day.
- Use a biostimulant solution for soaking.
- Prepare an infusion of ash (tablespoon per liter), insist day, keep the seeds in the prepared solution for 6 hours.
- Seeds hold for 2 hours in garlic water. Garlic water protects against bacteriosis. It is necessary to take a tablespoon of grated garlic, pour over lukewarm water (½ cup).
- Sprout the seeds in a damp cloth. The napkin is constantly moistened, periodically opened for ventilation.
- Pour the seeds into a small jar, close it with a lid and put it in a container with hot water (50 degrees) for 30 minutes.
The size of the seeds is small, they are dark in color. It is difficult to sow: it is difficult to ration the number of seeds per unit area, it’s hard to see where it’s sown and where it’sn’t. Seeds can be mixed with river sand or sprinkle them with potato starch.
Preparing beds for planting in the garden
Ridge can be equipped in areas where they grew tomatoes, cucumbers, zucchini, corn, beans. Planted after radish and cabbage can not. You can dig a ridge in the fall, adding a standard set of fertilizers for digging (superphosphate, potassium nitrate, humus), you can in the spring, adding additional urea.
If there is wood ash, it should certainly be added to the soil during the preparation of the ridge. Per square meter is enough 1 cup. Turnip ash responds well. Digging depth not less than 20 cm.
Fresh manure under turnips do not make. Manure reduces the quality of root crops.
Technology of sowing turnip seeds in the ground
The ridge the day before sowing seeds well wateredspending on every square. m 2 buckets of water. Rows are marked on the ridge, observing an interval of 30 cm between them.
Depth of seed placement on light soils 2 cm, on heavy, clay soils - 1 cm. Powder the seeds in the grooves better sifted with compost or humus. Seed rate per square meter 1 g.Turnip seeds are planted in well-spilled soil
Post-departure care conditions
Already on the 7th day the first green shoots will appear, on the 5th day, if the daily temperature is above 15 degrees. Emerged shoots require watering. You should not wait for high-quality root crops, if we neglect watering. With a lack of moisture, the roots will be small, not juicy, with hard pulp. Irrigation rate 20 l / m².
Usually turnip often rises, after 2 - 3 weeks shoots stand thin out. After the first procedure, a distance of 3 cm is left between the two plants. A little later, the planting will have to be thrown again. With spring sowing between two shoots, 6 cm is left, with summer - 10 cm.
The main pest of young turnips - cruciferous flea. Pest is dangerous in the first month after emergence. When pests of the ridge appear, treat with Iskra.The defeat of turnip cruciferous flea
The second most dangerous pest of young turnip - cabbage fly. She is frightened off from young landings by tobacco dust, tobacco, bitter pepper, ash. Powder ridge spend the day after watering.
Turnip is especially good in winter. Soup with sauerkraut and turnip is an original Russian dish that will satisfy even a gourmet. Growing healthy roots for the winter is not difficult, the main thing is to water them in time.