Chickens Hisex Brown are ubiquitous on the territory of modern Russia, which is connected with high rates of egg production, unpretentious content and good vitality.
From the point of view of the breeder, the allocation of Hisex Brown to a separate breed is wrong, because in fact, chickens are a hybrid of the Leggorn birds.
For the first time, Dutch breeders working on the basis of the firm "Evribrid" started breeding a hybrid. The first chickens with specified characteristics appeared in 1970, after 4 years they were brought to Russia, where they became extremely popular.
Description, the differences between rooster and chicken
Hisex Brown is a highly specialized hybrid of chickens, the so-called cross, featuring a strong build, but small in size.
The color of the feathers is bright brown, in rare cases white markings may appear on the tips of the feathers. The feather cover is dense, the feathers themselves are strong, about them you can easily cut yourself.
Comb - large, strong, well-defined. The legs are large, strong, fairly wide apart. The head of a medium-sized chicken, the color of the beak and legs can vary from light to bright yellow.
This breed of chickens differs in docile nature, a sufficient degree of plodding and livability, which allows keeping them together with other birds, be it ducks, geese, or chickens of other breeds.
Chickens are good to humans, aggression is not observed even by roosters. Roosters and chickens are extremely active., they are constantly in motion and therefore need a large space.
Haysex Brown was initially raised on an industrial scale; the first chickens of this breed appeared on the farms of the Ukrainian SSR and Tyumen Oblast of Russia.
Very quickly, the breed came into the view of farmers and chickens were bred in households. At this time, Hisex Brown - it is still more domestic than industrial hens, although they can be found in farms specializing in the sale of eggs.
Characteristics, description and photo
An adult chicken with a proper feeding regime can reach a weight of 2.5 kilograms, while the weight of a rooster varies between 2.8 and 3 kilograms.
Chickens and roosters become sexually mature by the 20th week of life, after which they are ready to mate and lay eggs.
Hisex Brown has a high egg production rate, in just 100 days, one chicken can carry up to 96 eggs, in the year from one hen you can get almost 363 eggs. In this case, the weight of one egg is at least 70 grams.
To demolish one egg a chicken needs to eat about 0.128 grams of feed per day. The color of the egg shell is white or dark.
Breeding chickens Highsex Brown
The secret to growing healthy chickens with a good body weight is to create acceptable conditions for them. Hisex Brown is not picky about temperature and humidity conditions, it is allowed to dilute them both at very low and at elevated temperatures.
When keeping chickens in a chicken coop, it is necessary to take care that the temperature does not fall below 12 degrees, which can be achieved by warming the walls and floor of the room, or by providing artificial heating. As a litter it is best to use dry straw.
The room where chickens are kept, should be warm and well ventilated, chickens are afraid of drafts, so it is necessary to carefully ensure that all windows and doors are always closed.
Chickens and young chickens should be purchased exclusively from proven breeders, remembering that in Hisex Brown is a hybrid, which in industry is bred under the constant control of a veterinarian who monitors minimal fluctuations in temperature, light and feed.
When crossed with other breeds of chickens, Hisex Brown do not pass on to posterity their breed qualities, because they are not fixed at the genetic level, which leads to the need to constantly update the number of purebred chickens.
Content of chickens of this breed
The newly purchased young animals are afraid of cold, for normal growth and development of the chicken it is necessary that the temperature in the room does not fall below 22 degrees, if necessary, install incandescent lamps and heating appliances.
Quite small daily and monthly chicks can be kept in the house by equipping for these purposes a separate well heated room. Care should be taken not only to ensure that the chicks do not freeze, but also so that they do not overheat.
Overheated chickens look tired and sleepy, they react poorly to movement, almost do not get up and gradually die.
Statistics show that Hisex Brown chick survival rate reaches 99%, but at home, to ensure such a high survival rate is almost impossible.
Practice shows that out of 100 chicks, maturity reaches just over 75-80 pieces. The remaining 20-25 chickens are dying from cold, overheating, poisoning, parasites, and an unfortunate set of circumstances.
How to start feeding
Small chickens should be fed with boiled eggs, finely chopped green sorrel, dandelion and other plants. Instead of water, fresh, slightly warmed milk should be poured into the chickens' watering bowl, and care should be taken to ensure that chickens do not drink prokishee milk, otherwise they may become ill.
Adult chickens and cocks should be fed balanced feed with a high content of vitamins and proteins. The food supply of adults should consist of green nettle, vegetables, legumes, chalk and coal.
When feeding chickens, it is necessary to observe the feeding regime, gradually transferring the young individuals to compound feeds.
Experienced farmers manage to reduce mortality among this hybrid chicken to almost the minimum, which is achieved through timely vaccination and helminthization.
Hisex Brown rarely gets sick, but when kept together with geese, ducks and birds of other breeds, they may well be attacked by lice, or helminths, poisoned with poor-quality food, or become a victim of such common avian diseases as brucellosis, pullorosis, salmonellosis and staphylococcus.
Most of these diseases are treated by the timely introduction of antibiotics into the daily diet of birds.
Symptoms of the disease are:
- weakness joints;
- absence of appetite;
- absence or desire drink water;
- inflammation throat;
- cramps respiratory tract and muscles.
Sick birds must be isolated from healthy ones. After contact with them, you should wash your hands and face with soap and rinse your mouth with alcohol.
The survival rate of chickens is high, but still cases of mass mortality are not considered an exception, because while breeding chickens, attention should be paid to clean litter, as well as the freshness of food and water consumed by birds.
Should do not allow other animals to drink and feed, especially cats and dogs.
For the normal content of Hisex Brown, it is necessary that the boxes with a sand mixture consisting of sand and wood ash are constantly located in the room. Chickens love to bathe in dust, sand helps birds maintain personal hygiene. In addition, such bathing prevents the appearance of parasites.
At home, it is preferable to keep the birds on the floor, providing the chicken coop with the necessary number of perches. One chicken needs at least 25 centimeters of free space. When industrial breeding birds are usually kept in cages.
In the conditions of a small farm cellular content is meaningless because it involves not only a large number of expensive cells, but also artificial lighting, air conditioning, organization of the feeding system and cleaning.
In addition, Hisex Brown, as already stated above, does not tolerate a closed and cramped space, because in one cage can not be more than 2-3 chickens.
In this regard, simple floor maintenance is much more profitable, since it does not require taking care of the constant availability of electricity to ensure the operation of air conditioners and heaters.
Ordinary floor keeping has its advantages also in the fact that there is an opportunity to let the birds out into the street, or into the pen without long fussing with the opening of many cages.
Breeding Hisex Brown at home is full of exceptional benefits, such as:
- high survivability birds;
- increased egg production;
- resilience to parasites and various diseases;
- unpretentiousness conditions of detention;
- ability to bear low temperatures for a long time.
- lack of instinct in many birds hatching;
- impossibility the transfer of egg-bearing qualities to offspring when crossed with birds of other breeds;
- exactingness to the spacious room and constant availability of free space;
- birds are demanding to food base, grow well and rush only by eating highly nutritious and high-quality food;
- perfect results can be achieved only when crossed with birds of the Leggorn breed.
Breeding chickens and cockerels Hisex Brown have been doing recently. Externally, the birds look very cute, their character is calm, docile. They feed exclusively on feed.
The only minus noted by me - the lack of chicken Instinta laying eggs in the roost. I solved this problem by placing an ordinary cricket ball or some round ball on the bottom of a perch.
It is necessary to trace the chicken and at the moment when it is about to start laying, transplant it to the roost.
I don't particularly like an experienced farmer, because I prefer to breed birds for the sake of eggs. The real find in this regard was the Hisex Brown, which I bought at one of the agricultural exhibitions.
These birds are very small in size, but very very tenacious, out of 10 chickens bought by me, 9 survived, which I consider to be a very good indicator. I advise all farmers.
I had never been interested in birds before, but I retired and decided to start a few chickens for my own use. My neighbor advised me to buy Hisex Brown, assuring me that I could not find more beautiful, tenacious and profitable birds. This description is very interested.
Basically I was satisfied with the purchase, the only thing that does not suit is that chickens need high-quality feed, the cost of which is not always permissible for a pensioner’s wallet.
More reviews and tips on breeding Hisex Brown can be found on the poultry forums:
poultry farmers forum
So, Hisex Brown is one of the best egg-bearing hybrids, which can be maintained both in industrial and at home.
Externally, the birds are small, the maximum weight of roosters when feeding high-class feeds barely reaches 3 kilograms, which in principle is unimportant, since Hisex Brown is valued for a large number of eggs that can be obtained from each layer.
Birds have a high degree of survival, because the mistakes in the content will be easily corrected.
Do not forget that Hisex Brown is a very freedom-loving birds, extremely fastidious to the free space, because the little hen houses with no windows and no exit to the pen, they are practically not suitable.