Why does the pear not bloom and not bear fruit? There are various reasons why a pear does not give fruit. Consider them in order.
In botany, a pear defined as dicotyledonous class, flowering department, pink family, pear family (Latin Pyrus). The height of the trunk is up to 20-25 m, the diameter of the crown is up to 5 m.There are about five thousand varieties of pears.. Individual trees can live up to two hundred years. The average yield of fruit harvest is about five tons per hectare, the maximum yield per tree is up to one ton.There are 33 types of pears. For the safety and time of harvesting types of pears are divided into summer, autumn and winter.
The main reasons why not flowering and not fruiting
Pear pretty unpretentious plant and does not require any special conditions for their growth.
But, of course, good soil, sufficient illumination and loosening of the soil favorably affect it. So adverse conditions may affect its flowering and fruiting.
It is known that almost all varieties of pears are self-productive. I.e pears need cross-pollination, since their own pollen does not form ovaries. Therefore, it is necessary to have several varieties of pears in the garden.
It is important to take into account that their maturation dates coincide. The same problem can be solved by grafting on a pear of one variety of a branch of another variety.In order for the pear to bloom and produce fruits, it is necessary to have on the plot not one tree, but several
Frost - the second reasonaffecting flowering and fruiting pears. It is necessary to foresee the effect of cold on various parts of the plant:
- In early spring, flowers, buds and ovaries do not tolerate frost, so when choosing saplings it is not advisable to purchase southern varieties (unless, of course, you live in the middle or northern strip). Thermophilous varieties in these conditions require additional care to protect them, for example, with plastic films;
- at the beginning of winter snow, as a natural heater, is still small. And the temperature has already dropped enough to freeze the roots of the plant and destroy or weaken it. In these cases, you need to take care of the insulation of the roots, covering them around the perimeter with some insulation (leaves, branches, needles);
- also from frost in winter near the tree may burst bark. In this case, it will help smearing damage to clay, garden pitch, followed by wrapping a cloth;
- the cold north wind is also unfavorable for pears. Therefore, when planting, you should take this into account and find a sufficiently protected place for the seedling (for example, a fence, a wall, etc.).
It should be borne in mind that low light may also adversely affect the yield of pears. Therefore, protecting the tree from the wind, you need to take care of its sufficient illumination.
Otherwise, if the neck is high above the ground, the tree should be spud. And if, on the contrary, it is low, then the excess land must be otgresti and discarded.
Pear does not like transplant. This especially applies to large seedlings. If possible, this should be avoided. And if this is still not possible, then you need to take extra care of the young sapling, watering it enough.
But sometimes even under favorable conditions, the pear may not give fruit. The reason for this may be simple - pear variety.Some pear varieties begin to bear fruit after planting in the 10th year and even later.
There are varieties of pears that bloom for the first time and begin to bear fruit only on the 10th or even the 15th year of life. There is nothing you can do, except to make him a vaccine of another variety.
Another misfortune for pears is pests, for example, the brawl. In early spring, it can damage the kidneys, even without letting them bloom.
Pear have other enemies, for example, apple flower eater, moth. In addition, these pests are able to carry fungi onto the tree, which subsequently form a dark bloom on the leaves.
Therefore, pear trees should be sprayed with appropriate preparations, both before flowering and during it (for example, chlorophos or karbofos).
You may be interested in the following articles:
- How to plant and transplant pears in the fall.
- Full description of the pear variety Talgar beauty.
- Planting and caring for colony pears.
Nutrient-rich soilIt can also cause the absence of fruiting. Lack of nitrogen can replenish manure. It is also desirable to purchase and enrich the soil with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.
As with the protection of the tree from the wind, here too one must not overdo it. If the soil is oversaturated with manure and fertilizers, this may not lead to fruit growth, but to increased growth of branches and leaves.
Such an increase creates a strong thickening of the crown of pear. This unproductive waste of force of a tree adversely affects the harvest. The fruits of this become smaller and their number decreases. therefore tree crown requires regular pruning.The pear needs to be correctly matched and regularly cut
It should be mainly remove young shoots growing inside the crown. And the branches growing up at a large angle should be bent down and fixed horizontally.
But here, too, a sensible and commensurate approach is needed. Too hard pruning can even deplete a weak tree. Therefore, while the seedlings have not yet begun to bear fruit, pruning should try to make the minimum.
Pear does not like high acidity of the soil, as well as its waterlogging. Therefore, when watering need to take this into account.
This can also lead too high groundwaterin which the roots of the tree begin to rot. This trouble should be avoided even when planting a seedling on the site.
For what year after planting the tree begins to bear fruit: varietal features
Below we give the age of the onset of fruiting of some popular pear varieties in alphabetical order:
- Annushka - for 1-2 years after landing;
- Bergamot - for 7-8 years;
- Bere Bosk - for 6-7 year;
- Bessemyanka - by 8-9;
- Veles - for 5-7 year;
- Victoria - for 6-7 year;
- Williams - for 5-6 year;
- Children's - for 4-5 year;
- Duchess - for 5-6 year;
- Forest beauty - for 6-7 year;
- Lemongrass - for 7-8 years;
- Honey - for 3 years;
- Moldavian early - for 3-4 year;
- Nika - for 5-6 year;
- November - for 3-4 year;
- In memory of Yakovlev - for 3-4 year;
- Petrovskaya - for 3-4 year;
- Pushkinskaya - for 4-5 year;
- Rogneda - for 3-4 year;
- Rossoshanskaya late - for 5-6 year;
- Siberian - for 4-5 year;
- Fabulous - for 5-7 year;
- Precocious - for 5 year;
- Treasure - for 5-7 year;
- Talgar beauty - for 4-5 year;
- Favorite - for 7-8 years;
- Chizhovskaya - 3-4 year.
How old is the average fruit?
It is impossible to answer this question unequivocally. Varieties of pears on this indicator are very diverse. This period can last 10 and 50 years. After the damping of fruiting, the tree dies very quickly.
Statistically the maximum age for fruiting pear trees is 60-70 years. But statistics, of course, contains exceptions. There are cases when pears reached the age of one hundred and even 150 years.
Now you can still meet with us 100 Year Grade Lemon Pear. Its longevity, compared to other varieties, also differs Common pear. Its life span is up to 120 years, and under favorable conditions it bears fruit up to two hundred years.Pear fruits on average from 10 to 50 years, there are varieties that give fruit to 100 years
Will a pear bear fruit if it is alone?
This question has already been partially answered above. But let's say a few more words about it.
Well in this case, if the pears grow from neighbors in the area. But you can solve this problem yourselfby planting together (at a distance of 3-4 meters) several different varieties of pears.
And if the lack of space does not allow it, then 1-2 branches of another variety can be grafted onto one pear variety.
However, there are pear varieties capable of self-pollination. This phenomenon is quite rare, and therefore very valuable. Therefore, here are some of them.
These include: Banquet, Bere winter Michurin, In memory of Yakovlev, Chizhovskaya, Jubilee Korneev.
How to make fruit, what to do
Above, in the section on the analysis of the causes of pear infertility, this issue has already been largely covered. Now it remains to add that constant fruit bearing pears will contribute The following recommendations:
- For access to the root system of a larger amount of oxygen, periodically loosen the soil under a tree. The pear loves it and will respond with an increase in fruitfulness.
- In a dry summer, additional watering of pears will not hurt, although it is a drought-resistant plant.
- It is also necessary to feed manure, compost and mineral fertilizers. It is convenient to combine this with loosening digging. For a tree, only five kilograms of manure once every 2 years, and superphosphate 50 grams.
Pear - a valuable and beloved by many fruit treebringing aromatic and amazingly delicate flavor fruit.
Jams, jams, compotes, jam and just dried pears make it possible to recall the past summer and thankfully appreciate this unpretentious tree.
It takes only a little more to take care of it, and it will gratefully respond to your care with a bountiful harvest.