It is no coincidence that cherry and sweet cherry are one of the favorite crops of gardeners: it delights with the beautiful flowering in spring, the wonderful taste of berries and their products, and their use contributes to strengthening the body. To have a good harvest in the summer, you must feed the trees in the fall.
In addition to pruning and care, autumn dressing is included in the complex of measures for the preparation of cherry bushes and trees for a successful wintering and laying a new crop. Let us dwell on each of them.
How to feed a cherry in the fall so that there is a good harvest
Of all the autumn events, to get rich harvests, she is given a leading place. Since a cherry tree grows on a permanent place not one year, but tens of years, the amount of nutrients in the soil decreases and cannot be restored naturally.
During the growing season, she actively assimilated organic and mineral substances from the soil. In addition, these substances are partially destroyed with time, and partially removed from the soil during irrigation and precipitation. Therefore, in order for the cherry to bear fruit well for many years, autumn dressing is necessary.
Terms of feeding are dictated climatic and weather conditions terrain It should be carried out in the middle of autumn, because early cherry falls into hibernation, and in the spring blooms one of the first, releasing flowers before the leaves.Fertilizing is important to hold before the cherry goes into hibernation.
In areas with a short fall and early frosts finish feeding in late August. In areas that are characterized by a long and warm autumn, feeding is made until the end of September. In regions with moderate climatic conditions, it is possible to fertilize during September and end 21 - 25 numbers.
It is good if a laboratory analysis of the garden soil was carried out before applying top dressing.
Root top dressing
This type of dressings include organic and mineral fertilizers. From organic, you can use any fertilizer - compost, humus, bird droppings. Top dressing bring just under the rootwhile it follows combine with watering.
These fertilizers are applied upon reaching a cherry tree at the age of 4 years.
- Chicken litter is one of the most popular and inexpensive fertilizers, but due to the significant fat content with improper dosage can burn the roots of the plant. For proper preparation of the solution, you need to take from 1 to 1.5 kg of litter to a ten-liter bucket, pour 4 to 5 liters of water, allow to ferment for 2 days, then top up the bucket and mix thoroughly.
- Next popular follow compostas well as rotted (for at least 2 - 3 years) manure, which is applied 1 time per 3 years per 1 sq. km. m wheel circle 1 bucket. Manure should not be diluted with water, otherwise it turns into an ammonia mixture. When using compost for trees under the age of 7 years old, the trunk circle should be 1.5 - 2 kg / sq. m, for older trees - 2.5 - 3 kg / sq. m
Of mineral fertilizers, complex phosphorus and potash fertilizers are used. 300 g for trees younger than 11 years old superphosphate and 180 g potassium chloride in pristvolny circle. For older trees, their number is increased by 1.5 times, respectively.
Dosage: superphosphate 2 tbsp. l and potassium chloride 1 tbsp. l on apt. circle for young trees, for fruit bearing increase the rate of 1.5 times.
When using liquid fertilizers prepare a solution from the ratio: superphosphate 3 tbsp. l and potassium sulfate 2 tbsp. l on a bucket of water. At least 15 liters are poured for mature trees and 8 liters for young bushes.
In rainy and cold years, the demand for potassium increases. Therefore, in such weather, to compensate for its deficiency in the soil, the introduction of potassium preparations is increased, potassium sulfate. Some gardeners are switching to long-lasting feedings used in the West (for example, APION-100).Apion 100 - long-lasting feeding
It is permissible to use balanced fertilizers, for example, nitro-ammophoska, consisting of 4 components: sulfur, phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen (in small quantities). If the gardener negatively relates to the use of mineral fertilizers, it is possible to apply wood ash - about 2 kg / sq. m
Since they consist in spraying the foliage, and the cherry leaves are shedding for the winter, they are not used in the fall. They are held during the flowering of the cherry, as well as after the fall of flowers and ovaries.
Spraying trunks conducted to compensate for iron deficiency. Applied inkstone in the form of an emulsion (3 tbsp. on a bucket of water) or Bordeaux mixture. This procedure is carried out with the onset of the first frost.Spraying cherry trunks
- Pounded eggshellcontaining calcium, which need bone crops. Cherry grows poorly on acidic soils, and the lime contained in the shell reduces the acidity of the soil. Bring in from 1 to 2 tbsp. l per square meter when digging.
- Sawdust - loosen the soil, pass air well and absorb water. Used as mulch.
- Yeast - injected into the heated soil during watering.
- Shoddy - waste textile production, are closed in the fall at the rate of 6 kg / sq. m
After fertilization, pristvolny circle need grind with compost or manure a layer about 10 cm thick, and best of all, a thick, well-compacted layer of snow, topped with straw or sawdust.
In cherries, like in other stone fruits, the bark in the area of the root collar often heats, which can lead to the death of the plant. To avoid this, you need several times over the winter. seal the snow around the trunk.
Final eventsTo protect the bark from sunburn, cherry trunks are wrapped
To protect the bark from sunburns next spring trunks wrap breathable materials: white paper, non-woven material or whiten with a solution of lime, in which glue or flour paste is added for strength.
To prepare the solution take hydrated lime 2 kg per bucket of water and add clay 3 kg and mullein 0.5 kg. The solution is filtered and the tree is whitened from all sides, especially carefully - from the south side.
If you comply with all of the above activities, you can prepare the cherry for the winter period well, and she will thank you for the next year with a bountiful harvest.