More recently, the cultivation of cherry plum in places with a changeable climate seemed just a myth, but now it is not only possible, but necessary. Has the highest frost resistance sort of seedling rockets as well the largest fruits plum Tent. Early, ready for harvest in late July - early August: Vetraz, Monomakh, Nesmeyana. Average, ripening to the beginning - mid-August: Kuban comet, Chuk, Anastasia, Sarmatka, Karminna Zhukova, Apricot, Comet Late, Peach. Experienced Gardeners recommended to grow in the suburbs varieties of the Scythian Gold, Skoroplodnaya, Maru and Kolonovidnuyu. A description of the best varieties of cherry plum or Russian plum can be found below.
The most large-fruited varieties of cherry plum, description
The taste of many fruits depends on the size of the fruit, the same applies to cherry plum. Large-fruited varieties are very popular, the best of them are considered:
The tree is small in stature, quickly reaches the height it needs and begins to bear fruit already 4-5 years of life. Crohn rounded, dense, growing in a downward direction. Fruits are large, their weight can reach 40 grams. The flesh is sweet and sour, yellow, these fruits can be eaten fresh and used for blanks. The average yield of one tree is 35 pounds. Early ripening period, frost resistance is high, in addition to the winter cold of the kidney also tolerate spring frosts. The disadvantages include self-infertility and medium resistance to the absence of moisture.
The variety is of average maturity, the tree grows to medium size, the crown is thick, rounded, slightly flat. Fruit weight reaches 35-37 gramsThe flesh is rich yellow, the taste is pleasant, refreshing, sweet and sour. The first harvest of a tree can bring as early as 3 years, and after some time from one tree it will be possible to collect up to 40 kilograms of delicious fruits. The variety tolerates both winter and spring temperature changes, drought resistance is average. Pollination occurs with the help of other varieties that bloom in the same period as the Found.
Variety, fruiting in average terms. The tree grows very quickly, but at the same time it reaches a medium height, the crown is thick, slightly lowered, rounded. Fruits weigh up to 35 grams, the color of the flesh is dark yellow, the taste is sweet-sour, the stone is separated with difficulty. The purpose of such cherry plum allows you to use it in any form. The winter hardiness of the variety is good, the same applies to the yield, which pleases with high stability. Pollination cross with other trees growing near cherry plum.
The fruits of this variety are inferior in size to other varieties and weigh only 25-30 grams, but distinctive feature will be excellent taste, juiciness and easy separation of the stone. Also such a plum has an unusual shape, reminiscent of Monomakh's cap and a rich, purple skin color. The crop ripens in early terms, the tree bears fruit annually and in large quantities.
The most frost-resistant varieties of cherry plum for the central and middle bands
To grow cherry plum in Central Russia, you need to carefully consider the frost resistance of the variety. Trees should not only relive the winter cold, but also spring frosts, because the main threat of an unstable climate lies in them. The best performance have varieties: Tsarskaya, Rocket Seedling, Vladimir Comet and others.
Gift to St. PetersburgAlycha Gift to St. Petersburg
The variety has a good resistance not only to cold weather, but to unstable climatic conditions, heavy rainfall and frost. A tree of medium size, with a wide, dense crown of large size, the first fruits already brings on 4 year of life. Annual yield. Fruits of a light orange color, slightly elongated in size reach only 20 grams in weight.. The taste is sweet and sour, also the fruits tolerate transportation well and can be used for various types of preservation.
Vladimir cometAlycha Vladimir comet
This variety was bred relatively recently, but already surpasses many old subspecies in all indicators. A medium-sized tree has a wide, but at the same time rare crown. Fruits of large size, round-oval shape with a pointed end, burgundy skin color, there is a slight waxy coating. The flesh is rich, dark orange with a sweet and sour taste. The purpose of this cherry plum is universal. The tree quickly enters fruiting and also quickly increases productivity, it is possible to collect ripe cherry plum in the middle of July. Frost resistance is very high, the same applies to the self-cultivation of the variety.
Seedling RocketsCherry Plum Rocket
The variety is characterized by exceptional frost resistance, the tree of medium size can withstand temperatures down to -35 degrees. The crown of a tree is thick, spreading. Fruits are large, grow to 30 grams, the color is red, the shape is rounded with pointed ends. The yield of the variety is top notch.
The variety got its name in honor of the scientific institute in which it was bred. The tree grows to a height of no more than 3 meters, the crown is spreading, in its form resembles a cone, foliage is very rare. The fruits are small, egg-shaped, covered with a thin skin of light red color. The flesh is very tasty and juicy, loose, fibrous, the bone is separated without difficulty. Up to 30 kilograms of fruit can be harvested from one tree.while it does not require complex care, tolerates frosts and is not affected by fungal diseases.
Self-fruited Russian plum varieties
It is extremely inconvenient to grow varieties of cherry plum, requiring additional pollination. This creates unnecessary trouble or has to plant several varieties of the same crop in one area, which is extremely inconvenient for small farms and those gardeners who want to collect a variety of fruits. The following self-fertile varieties best recommended themselves.:
Kuban cometAlycha Kuban comet
Perfectly suited for cultivation on the farms, the tree of low growth annually brings abundant crops up to 40 kilograms. Fruits with reddish, ruddy peel and yellow flesh weigh up to 28 grams, the taste is kilo-sweet, suitable for fresh consumption and for various types of processing. The bones are very difficult to separate. The variety does not require additional pollination, frost is well tolerated by both wood and flower buds. The tree requires timely watering.
Acting as a pollinator for other varieties, but at the same time annually brings a harvest to 40 kilograms. The tree of average height with an ordinary crown enters fruiting for 3 years of life, the ripening time is average. Traveler fruits can reach a mass of 30 grams, the flesh is colored dark yellow, a light banana flavor is characteristic of this variety. Frost resistance is high, as is drought resistance.
The self-fertile variety is well-suited for growing in conditions of central Russia, tolerates frost well and is immune to many diseases. A tree that grows up to 2-3 meters carries on itself a beautiful crown, resembling a ball, therefore it is necessary to carry out regular pruning. The fruits ripen in early July and can hang without falling until the beginning of August.. The skin color is saturated, yellow-orange, the skin is slightly lighter. The taste is pleasant, fibrous, very sweet, this variety is perfect for cooking jam and jams.
The best varieties for growing in suburban areas in the suburbs
In order to grow plum in the suburbs, you need to choose the right varieties that can move a changeable climate, but at the same time will be easy to maintain. Most often at cottages near Moscow are found:
Perhaps the most unusual and compact variety of cherry plum. The tree grows in height up to 3 meters, while the diameter of the crown does not exceed 1.5 meters. The variety is not afraid of frost and recovers very quickly after freezing, while other species begin to languish and slowly die. The fruits are very large, their weight can reach 40 grams, peel of saturated red color with a slight wax coating, is not afraid of heavy precipitation and is not prone to cracking. The flesh is tasty, juicy, fibrous.
RubyRuby cherry plum
A low tree does not require complex care and adapts well to any weather conditions. The variety does not suffer from sudden changes in temperature and at the same time brings bright maroon fruit. with dark yellow honey pulp. There is no sourness in the taste of the cherry plum ripening in the middle of summer, which attracts lovers of sweet fruit.
Gilded ScythiansAlycha Golden Scythians
The variety was bred in 2005 and is a tree that grows no more than 3 meters in height with a crown that resembles a wide cone. Large fruits have a rich, golden peel color.. The flesh is very sweet, juicy and tender. The tree is not afraid of an abrupt change of cold for heat and vice versa, does not require long-term attention to itself, and the Scythian Gold variety bears fruit very early and annually. The size of the harvested crops is average, needs additional pollination.
A variety of Chinese breeding. The tree is small, already for 2-3 years of life can bring the first harvest of reddish fruits of medium size. The flesh is very pleasant, tender and tasty, the stone is easily separated, because of what these fruits are well suited for fresh consumption. Possesses resistance to frost and gusty winds, requires planting a tree of pollinator next to it.
The achievements of modern breeding allow to grow plum not only in the southern regions, but also in the central part of Russia. If desired, every gardener can try to grow a tree with excellent and tasty fruits in his plot.