Every year there are more and more new varieties of potatoes that deserve the attention of gardeners. Because grades zoned for specific regions and resist diseases well - among them the variety Impala, the characteristics of which are presented below.
Dutch variety descriptionPotatoes grade Impala
|Peel||Tuber skin is dense and smooth without roughness. It has a yellowish tinge.|
|Eyes||Less than average and quite rarely superficially located.|
|Pulp||Yellow or cream.|
|The form||Most tubers are oval in shape, but they are also round.|
|Starch||The starch content of 12-14% is the average.|
|Average tuber weight||90-150 gr.|
CharacteristicImpala potato bushes are very tall and quite thick
Impala early ripe variety is suitable for those who cultivate potatoes for sale, also the summer residents of the northern regions of Russia are satisfied with the variety. Since, for example, in the Moscow region summer is short and it is necessary that the potatoes grow as quickly as possible. Impala is resistant to various diseases inherent in potatoes. This variety is universal and has a good adaptation in growing on different soils and climatic conditions.
This variety is early ripening; the first crop can be harvested 45 days after planting the tubers in open ground. Full maturity will be after 70 days.Potato roots of Impala from one bush
Productivity is stable high. With good and proper care, the bush gives 15-20 pieces of new crop tubers. All tubers are aligned in size.
Potato cultivation Impala
By purchasing this variety, many are wondering how to cultivate correctly in order to get an increased yield per hectare.
Basic requirements for planting materialSeed Potatoes Impala
First of all, planting material must have a healthy look. The tubers should not be rot, late blight or other diseases. Tuber should be no more than 5 cm in diameter. If in the planting material there are larger tubers, they should be divided in such a way that each part has a chunky sprout and part of the pulp of the tuber.
How to prepare the soil for planting
Since the soil is almost irrelevant, the variety grows on any land, but the harvest will differ on different types of soil. Therefore, in order to harvest above the average, preparation of the place where the tubers will be planted is required. Crop rotation is very important for this variety and the necessary predecessors will be:
- Different varieties of cabbage.
In the fall, the land is fertilized with a large amount of nitrogen fertilizer, it is also advisable to add ash in the spring when planting tubers, which serves as potash fertilizer and antiseptic tubers.
Stepwise landing process
To get a harvest, first of all, you need to plant the tubers according to all the rules.:
- Observing the rules of crop rotation, we choose and prepare the landing siteBy digging up the earth and introducing nitrogen fertilizers — this is required to be done in the fall, so that by the spring the nitrogen fertilizers decompose and increase the fertility of the soil.
- In the spring, when the ground warms up well, wells dug no more than 8 cm deep. according to the scheme 35x80 cm. 200 grams are added to each well. ash and put tuber sprouts up.
- Over the tubers laid out in this way with the help of a chopper combed comb height of 10 cm.
- As soon as the first shoots of potatoes appear, it is worth pile up the rows planted potatoes.
Basic care requirements
Basic requirements are reduced to irrigation, loosening and fertilizer. It is worth noting that it is watered only in the absence of rain in the region. Watering is carried out three times per season.:
- One month after landing.
- At the time of flowering.
- 2 weeks after flowering.
The next day after each watering is to fertilize. After the first irrigation, nitric, after the second potash-phosphorus, after the third complex mineral fertilizers.
Loosening and weeding are carried out simultaneously after each rain or watering.
Features of growing
Based on the great experience of cultivating this variety of potato, You can find some features that help to significantly increase the yield per hectare:
- The soil is preferably treated it should be warm, loose and nutritious with low humidity before planting;
- Landing to produce at a temperature in the area of + 18-25 degrees, and flowering will be favorable at a temperature of + 17-20 degrees;
- In the absence of rain conduct watering.
To get a big harvest, first of all need to have healthy planting potatoes. Once every five years is to change the planting material. New can be obtained by growing planting material itself from the seeds of potatoes, but it is much easier to simply buy ready-made in a specialty store.To get not one, but two harvests of potatoes, you need to collect the first in cloudy weather, pick tubers, and then plant the potato bush again
Follow the rules of rotation of crops, not planting potatoes after the nightshade. The earth must be nutritious and loose. When embedding the tubers into the ground, observe the rules of planting without saving on the area of planting. If you remove flowers during flowering, it will increase the yield of tubers in one bush by 25%. Timely dressings will lead to higher yields.
Potato varieties Impala grow well for commercial purposes, as some regions can get two large harvests, and this will help to saturate the domestic market with a large number of tasty potatoes.